Social attention is the ability to share with social partners the attentional focus on an object and to orient attentional resources after observing others’ behaviors. In the present work, we analyzed whether social threat may influence social attention during the observation of social agents’ reach-to-grasp movements. In two experimental studies, we adopted a Posner-like paradigm: participants were required to classify neutral stimuli appearing in a congruent or incongruent position with the actor’s movement. Membership (ingroup vs. outgroup) and contextual cues (neutral vs. threatening objects) were manipulated. The results showed a robust action-cueing effect: responses to stimuli in a congruent position with the actor’s action were faster than responses to incongruent stimuli. Interestingly, we found a stronger effect for the threatening outgroup (i.e., Iraqi) than for the ingroup (i.e., Italian), especially in presence of menacing objects. No effects were found when observing the non-threatening outgroup (i.e., Japanese).

Capellini, R., Sacchi, S. (2021). “Be careful what you do”: How social threat influences social attention driven by reach-to-grasp movements. THE JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY [10.1080/00224545.2021.1902920].

“Be careful what you do”: How social threat influences social attention driven by reach-to-grasp movements

Capellini, R;Sacchi, S
2021

Abstract

Social attention is the ability to share with social partners the attentional focus on an object and to orient attentional resources after observing others’ behaviors. In the present work, we analyzed whether social threat may influence social attention during the observation of social agents’ reach-to-grasp movements. In two experimental studies, we adopted a Posner-like paradigm: participants were required to classify neutral stimuli appearing in a congruent or incongruent position with the actor’s movement. Membership (ingroup vs. outgroup) and contextual cues (neutral vs. threatening objects) were manipulated. The results showed a robust action-cueing effect: responses to stimuli in a congruent position with the actor’s action were faster than responses to incongruent stimuli. Interestingly, we found a stronger effect for the threatening outgroup (i.e., Iraqi) than for the ingroup (i.e., Italian), especially in presence of menacing objects. No effects were found when observing the non-threatening outgroup (i.e., Japanese).
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
action observation; group membership; Social attention; social threat; stereotypes
English
Capellini, R., Sacchi, S. (2021). “Be careful what you do”: How social threat influences social attention driven by reach-to-grasp movements. THE JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY [10.1080/00224545.2021.1902920].
Capellini, R; Sacchi, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/337189
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