A helmet, comprising a transparent hood and a soft collar, surrounding the patient’s head can be used to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support, both as continuous positive airway pressure and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), the latter providing active support for inspiration. In this review, we summarize the technical aspects relevant to this device, particularly how to prevent CO2 rebreathing and improve patient–ventilator synchrony during NPPV. Clinical studies describe the application of helmets in cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, pneumonia, COVID-19, postextubation and immune suppression. A section is dedicated to paediatric use. In summary, helmet therapy can be used safely and effectively to provide NIV during hypoxemic respiratory failure, improving oxygenation and possibly leading to better patient-centred outcomes than other interfaces.

Coppadoro, A., Zago, E., Pavan, F., Foti, G., Bellani, G. (2021). The use of head helmets to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support: a comprehensive review of technical aspects and clinical findings. CRITICAL CARE, 25(1 (December 2021)) [10.1186/s13054-021-03746-8].

The use of head helmets to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support: a comprehensive review of technical aspects and clinical findings

Coppadoro A.;Zago E.;Pavan F.;Foti G.;Bellani G.
2021

Abstract

A helmet, comprising a transparent hood and a soft collar, surrounding the patient’s head can be used to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support, both as continuous positive airway pressure and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), the latter providing active support for inspiration. In this review, we summarize the technical aspects relevant to this device, particularly how to prevent CO2 rebreathing and improve patient–ventilator synchrony during NPPV. Clinical studies describe the application of helmets in cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, pneumonia, COVID-19, postextubation and immune suppression. A section is dedicated to paediatric use. In summary, helmet therapy can be used safely and effectively to provide NIV during hypoxemic respiratory failure, improving oxygenation and possibly leading to better patient-centred outcomes than other interfaces.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Acute respiratory distress syndrome; Continuous positive airway pressure; COVID-19; Helmets; Noninvasive ventilation; COVID-19; Humans; Interactive Ventilatory Support; Monitoring, Physiologic; Noninvasive Ventilation; Respiratory Insufficiency; Work of Breathing
English
8-set-2021
2021
25
1 (December 2021)
327
none
Coppadoro, A., Zago, E., Pavan, F., Foti, G., Bellani, G. (2021). The use of head helmets to deliver noninvasive ventilatory support: a comprehensive review of technical aspects and clinical findings. CRITICAL CARE, 25(1 (December 2021)) [10.1186/s13054-021-03746-8].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/336776
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