Objectives: The exhaled CO2 signal provides guidance during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The Airway opening index (AOI) has been recently used to quantify chest-compression (CC) induced expired CO2 oscillations. We aimed to determine whether levels of intrathoracic pressures developed during CC or parameters related to lung structure may affect AOI. Methods: Secondary analysis of a randomized animal study (n = 12) in a porcine model of cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during ambulance transport. Animals were randomized to 18-min of manual or mechanical CCs. Changes in AOI and right atrial pressure (ΔRAP) were recorded during CCs in animals undergoing manual (n = 6) or mechanical (n = 6) CCs. Lung CT scan and measurement of the respiratory system compliance (Cpl,rs) were performed immediately after return of spontaneous circulation. Results: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had a lower AOI compared to animals treated with manual CCs (p < 0.001). AOI negatively correlated with the swings of intrathoracic pressure, as measured by the change in ΔRAP (ρ=-0.727, p = 0.007). AOI correlated with the lung density (ρ=-0.818, p = 0.001) and with the Cpl,rs (ρ = 0.676, p = 0.016). Animals with cardiopulmonary resuscitation associated lung edema (CRALE) (i.e. mean CT≥-500 HU) showed lower levels of AOI compared to animals without it (29 ± 12 % versus 50 ± 16 %, p = 0.025). Conclusions: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had lower levels of AOI compared to animals undergoing manual CCs. A higher swing of intrathoracic pressure during CC, a denser and a stiffer lung were associated with an impaired CO2 exhalation during CC as observed by a lower AOI.

Rezoagli, E., Magliocca, A., Grieco, D., Bellani, G., Ristagno, G. (2022). Impact of lung structure on airway opening index during mechanical versus manual chest compressions in a porcine model of cardiac arrest. RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY & NEUROBIOLOGY, 296(February 2022) [10.1016/j.resp.2021.103807].

Impact of lung structure on airway opening index during mechanical versus manual chest compressions in a porcine model of cardiac arrest

Rezoagli, Emanuele
Primo
;
Magliocca, Aurora
Secondo
;
Bellani, Giacomo
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Objectives: The exhaled CO2 signal provides guidance during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The Airway opening index (AOI) has been recently used to quantify chest-compression (CC) induced expired CO2 oscillations. We aimed to determine whether levels of intrathoracic pressures developed during CC or parameters related to lung structure may affect AOI. Methods: Secondary analysis of a randomized animal study (n = 12) in a porcine model of cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during ambulance transport. Animals were randomized to 18-min of manual or mechanical CCs. Changes in AOI and right atrial pressure (ΔRAP) were recorded during CCs in animals undergoing manual (n = 6) or mechanical (n = 6) CCs. Lung CT scan and measurement of the respiratory system compliance (Cpl,rs) were performed immediately after return of spontaneous circulation. Results: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had a lower AOI compared to animals treated with manual CCs (p < 0.001). AOI negatively correlated with the swings of intrathoracic pressure, as measured by the change in ΔRAP (ρ=-0.727, p = 0.007). AOI correlated with the lung density (ρ=-0.818, p = 0.001) and with the Cpl,rs (ρ = 0.676, p = 0.016). Animals with cardiopulmonary resuscitation associated lung edema (CRALE) (i.e. mean CT≥-500 HU) showed lower levels of AOI compared to animals without it (29 ± 12 % versus 50 ± 16 %, p = 0.025). Conclusions: Animals undergoing mechanical CCs had lower levels of AOI compared to animals undergoing manual CCs. A higher swing of intrathoracic pressure during CC, a denser and a stiffer lung were associated with an impaired CO2 exhalation during CC as observed by a lower AOI.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Airway opening index; Carbon dioxide; Cardiac arrest; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Chest compression; Computed tomography; Intrathoracic pressure;
English
Rezoagli, E., Magliocca, A., Grieco, D., Bellani, G., Ristagno, G. (2022). Impact of lung structure on airway opening index during mechanical versus manual chest compressions in a porcine model of cardiac arrest. RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY & NEUROBIOLOGY, 296(February 2022) [10.1016/j.resp.2021.103807].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/335891
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