COVID-19 has brought considerable changes and caused critical psychological responses, especially among frail populations. So far, researchers have explored the predictive effect of diverse factors on pandemic-related psychological distress, but none have focused on the impact of prior depression and anxiety symptomatology adopting an extended (10-year) longitudinal design. 105 patients aged over 60, affected by hypertension who participated in a previous longitudinal study were assessed through a follow-up telephone structured interview. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) were used for assessing depression and anxiety symptoms and the psychological impact of COVID-19, respectively. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. At the assessment, participants did not report clinically relevant depression, anxiety, and psychological pandemic-related distress symptoms. However, significant mean differences between baseline and current follow-up evaluations for both depression and anxiety were found, reflecting a decrease in symptomatology over time (p < .001). Baseline depression symptoms (β = 1.483, p = .005) significantly predicted the psychological impact of COVID-19 after 10 years. Conversely, their decrease (β = −1.640, p < .001) and living with others (β = −7.274, p = .041) significantly contributed to lower psychological distress scores. Our findings provide insight into the predisposing influence of depressive symptoms on pandemic-related psychological distress ten years later. Preventive interventions and strategies considering these factors are needed to better pre-empt the severe mental consequences of the pandemic.

D’Addario, M., Zanatta, F., Adorni, R., Greco, A., Fattirolli, F., Franzelli, C., et al. (2021). Depression symptoms as longitudinal predictors of the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic in hypertensive patients. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 11(1 (December 2021)) [10.1038/s41598-021-96165-2].

Depression symptoms as longitudinal predictors of the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic in hypertensive patients

D’Addario, Marco
Primo
;
Zanatta, Francesco
Secondo
;
Adorni, Roberta;Greco, Andrea;Giannattasio, Cristina;Steca, Patrizia
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

COVID-19 has brought considerable changes and caused critical psychological responses, especially among frail populations. So far, researchers have explored the predictive effect of diverse factors on pandemic-related psychological distress, but none have focused on the impact of prior depression and anxiety symptomatology adopting an extended (10-year) longitudinal design. 105 patients aged over 60, affected by hypertension who participated in a previous longitudinal study were assessed through a follow-up telephone structured interview. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) were used for assessing depression and anxiety symptoms and the psychological impact of COVID-19, respectively. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. At the assessment, participants did not report clinically relevant depression, anxiety, and psychological pandemic-related distress symptoms. However, significant mean differences between baseline and current follow-up evaluations for both depression and anxiety were found, reflecting a decrease in symptomatology over time (p < .001). Baseline depression symptoms (β = 1.483, p = .005) significantly predicted the psychological impact of COVID-19 after 10 years. Conversely, their decrease (β = −1.640, p < .001) and living with others (β = −7.274, p = .041) significantly contributed to lower psychological distress scores. Our findings provide insight into the predisposing influence of depressive symptoms on pandemic-related psychological distress ten years later. Preventive interventions and strategies considering these factors are needed to better pre-empt the severe mental consequences of the pandemic.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
COVID-19; Pandemic; Depression; Anxiety; Psychological Distress; Longitudinal Studies; Frail Elderly
English
8
Gold Open Access• Green Open Access
D’Addario, M., Zanatta, F., Adorni, R., Greco, A., Fattirolli, F., Franzelli, C., et al. (2021). Depression symptoms as longitudinal predictors of the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic in hypertensive patients. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 11(1 (December 2021)) [10.1038/s41598-021-96165-2].
D’Addario, M; Zanatta, F; Adorni, R; Greco, A; Fattirolli, F; Franzelli, C; Giannattasio, C; Steca, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/324256
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