Ultrasound scores are used to determine whether thyroid nodules should undergo Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) or simple clinical follow-up. Different scores have been proposed for this task, with the American College of Radiology (ACR) TIRADS system being one of the most widely used. This study evaluates its ability in triaging thyroid nodules deserving FNA on a large prospective monocentric Italian case series of 493 thyroid nodules from 448 subjects. In ACR 1–2, cytology never prompted a surgical indication. In 59% of cases classified as TIR1c-TIR2, the FNA procedure could be ancillary, according to the ACR-TIRADS score. A subset (37.9%) of cases classified as TIR4-5 would not undergo FNA, according to the dimensional thresholds used by the ACR-TIRADS. Applying the ACR score, a total of 46.5% thyroid nodules should be studied with FNA. The ACR system demonstrated a sensitivity and specificity of 58.9% and 59% in the identification of patients with cytology ≥TIR3A, with a particularly high false negative rate for ACR classes ≥3 (44.8%, 43/96), which would dramatically decrease (7.3%, 7/96) if the dimensional criteria were not taken into account. In ACR 3–4–5, a correspondence with the follow-up occurred in 60.3%, 50.2% and 51.9% of cases. The ACR-TIRADS is a useful risk stratification tool for thyroid nodules, although the current dimensional thresholds could lead to an underestimation of malignant lesions. Their update might be considered in future studies to increase the screening performances of the system.

Leni, D., Seminati, D., Fior, D., Vacirca, F., Capitoli, G., Cazzaniga, L., et al. (2021). Diagnostic performances of the acr-tirads system in thyroid nodules triage: A prospective single center study. CANCERS, 13(9 (1 May 2021)) [10.3390/cancers13092230].

Diagnostic performances of the acr-tirads system in thyroid nodules triage: A prospective single center study

Fior D.;Vacirca F.;Capitoli G.;Di Bella C.;L'imperio V.;Galimberti S.;Pagni F.
2021

Abstract

Ultrasound scores are used to determine whether thyroid nodules should undergo Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) or simple clinical follow-up. Different scores have been proposed for this task, with the American College of Radiology (ACR) TIRADS system being one of the most widely used. This study evaluates its ability in triaging thyroid nodules deserving FNA on a large prospective monocentric Italian case series of 493 thyroid nodules from 448 subjects. In ACR 1–2, cytology never prompted a surgical indication. In 59% of cases classified as TIR1c-TIR2, the FNA procedure could be ancillary, according to the ACR-TIRADS score. A subset (37.9%) of cases classified as TIR4-5 would not undergo FNA, according to the dimensional thresholds used by the ACR-TIRADS. Applying the ACR score, a total of 46.5% thyroid nodules should be studied with FNA. The ACR system demonstrated a sensitivity and specificity of 58.9% and 59% in the identification of patients with cytology ≥TIR3A, with a particularly high false negative rate for ACR classes ≥3 (44.8%, 43/96), which would dramatically decrease (7.3%, 7/96) if the dimensional criteria were not taken into account. In ACR 3–4–5, a correspondence with the follow-up occurred in 60.3%, 50.2% and 51.9% of cases. The ACR-TIRADS is a useful risk stratification tool for thyroid nodules, although the current dimensional thresholds could lead to an underestimation of malignant lesions. Their update might be considered in future studies to increase the screening performances of the system.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Fine-needle aspiration; Thyroid carcinoma; Ultrasound imaging;
English
Leni, D., Seminati, D., Fior, D., Vacirca, F., Capitoli, G., Cazzaniga, L., et al. (2021). Diagnostic performances of the acr-tirads system in thyroid nodules triage: A prospective single center study. CANCERS, 13(9 (1 May 2021)) [10.3390/cancers13092230].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/316189
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