Up to age 5, children are known to experience difficulties in the derivation of implicitly conveyed content, sticking to literally true, even if underinformative, interpretation of sentences. The computation of implicated meanings is connected to the (apparent or manifest) violation of Gricean conversational maxims. We present a study that tests unmotivated violations of the maxims of Quantity, Relevance, and Manner and of the Maximize Presupposition principle, with a Truth Value Judgment task with three options of response. We tested pre-schoolers and school-aged children, with adults as controls, to verify at which age these pragmatic rules are recognized and to see whether there is a difference among these tenets. We found an evolutionary trend and that, in all age groups, violations of the maxims of Quantity and of Relation are sanctioned to a higher degree compared to infringements of the Maim of Manner and of the Maximize Presupposition principle. We conjecture that this relates to the effects that the violation of a certain maxim or principle has on the goals of the exchange: listeners are less tolerant with statements that transmit inaccurate or incomplete information, while being more tolerant with those that still permit to understand what has happened.

Panzeri, F., & Foppolo, F. (2021). Children’s and Adults’ Sensitivity to Gricean Maxims and to the Maximize Presupposition Principle. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 12(3 March 2021) [10.3389/fpsyg.2021.624628].

Children’s and Adults’ Sensitivity to Gricean Maxims and to the Maximize Presupposition Principle

Panzeri, Francesca
Primo
;
Foppolo, Francesca
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Up to age 5, children are known to experience difficulties in the derivation of implicitly conveyed content, sticking to literally true, even if underinformative, interpretation of sentences. The computation of implicated meanings is connected to the (apparent or manifest) violation of Gricean conversational maxims. We present a study that tests unmotivated violations of the maxims of Quantity, Relevance, and Manner and of the Maximize Presupposition principle, with a Truth Value Judgment task with three options of response. We tested pre-schoolers and school-aged children, with adults as controls, to verify at which age these pragmatic rules are recognized and to see whether there is a difference among these tenets. We found an evolutionary trend and that, in all age groups, violations of the maxims of Quantity and of Relation are sanctioned to a higher degree compared to infringements of the Maim of Manner and of the Maximize Presupposition principle. We conjecture that this relates to the effects that the violation of a certain maxim or principle has on the goals of the exchange: listeners are less tolerant with statements that transmit inaccurate or incomplete information, while being more tolerant with those that still permit to understand what has happened.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
acquisition of pragmatics; experimental pragmatics; maxim of manner; maximize presuppositions; maxims of conversation; pragmatic tolerance;
English
Panzeri, F., & Foppolo, F. (2021). Children’s and Adults’ Sensitivity to Gricean Maxims and to the Maximize Presupposition Principle. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 12(3 March 2021) [10.3389/fpsyg.2021.624628].
Panzeri, F; Foppolo, F
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Panzeri&Foppolo2021_Maxims.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia di allegato: Publisher’s Version (Version of Record, VoR)
Dimensione 508.73 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
508.73 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/305287
Citazioni
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
Social impact