Anxiety related to medical procedures is pervasive, in particular for those involving needles and blood, such as injections and blood donations. Therefore, assessment and detection of anxiety before and during these procedures is critical for developing timely interventions for the at-risk population, and thereby increasing the panel of potential blood donors. The Injection Phobia Scale-Anxiety (IPS-Anx) was an 18 item questionnaire for estimating anxiety related to blood and needles; however, it had never been used among blood donors. The measures were translated and tested during a pre-pilot phase (Study 1). During Study 2 (n = 344) and 3 (n = 370), the model of measurement of IPS-IT-Anx was evaluated by exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Test-retest stability, convergent validity, and reliability of measures were assessed during Study 4 (n = 243). Finally, the scores from participants in the different studies were pooled (Study 5; n = 957) in order to test whether the factor structure showed multigroup invariance, and to evaluate whether IPS-IT-Anx scores were associated with blood donation. The overall results of the statistical analysis supported a 12-item measurement model comprising the two original dimensions, distal and contact fear, of the IPS-IT-Anx. The findings of the study supported IPS-IT-Anx, suggesting it had excellent psychometric properties and was suitability for each clinical research uses focused on the assessment of blood-injection anxiety.

Bani, M., Pepe, A., Zorzi, F., Ardenghi, S., Rampoldi, G., Strepparava, M. (2020). Validation of the Italian version of the Injection Phobia Scale - Anxiety and application to blood donors. MEDITERRANEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 8(3), 1-19 [10.6092/2282-1619/mjcp-2600].

Validation of the Italian version of the Injection Phobia Scale - Anxiety and application to blood donors

Marco Bani
Primo
;
Alessandro Pepe;Federico Zorzi;Stefano Ardenghi;Giulia Rampoldi;Maria Grazia Strepparava
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Anxiety related to medical procedures is pervasive, in particular for those involving needles and blood, such as injections and blood donations. Therefore, assessment and detection of anxiety before and during these procedures is critical for developing timely interventions for the at-risk population, and thereby increasing the panel of potential blood donors. The Injection Phobia Scale-Anxiety (IPS-Anx) was an 18 item questionnaire for estimating anxiety related to blood and needles; however, it had never been used among blood donors. The measures were translated and tested during a pre-pilot phase (Study 1). During Study 2 (n = 344) and 3 (n = 370), the model of measurement of IPS-IT-Anx was evaluated by exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Test-retest stability, convergent validity, and reliability of measures were assessed during Study 4 (n = 243). Finally, the scores from participants in the different studies were pooled (Study 5; n = 957) in order to test whether the factor structure showed multigroup invariance, and to evaluate whether IPS-IT-Anx scores were associated with blood donation. The overall results of the statistical analysis supported a 12-item measurement model comprising the two original dimensions, distal and contact fear, of the IPS-IT-Anx. The findings of the study supported IPS-IT-Anx, suggesting it had excellent psychometric properties and was suitability for each clinical research uses focused on the assessment of blood-injection anxiety.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Injection Phobia Scale; Blood donation; Anxiety; Clinical psychology; Health psychology; Psychometrics
English
2020
8
3
1
19
open
Bani, M., Pepe, A., Zorzi, F., Ardenghi, S., Rampoldi, G., Strepparava, M. (2020). Validation of the Italian version of the Injection Phobia Scale - Anxiety and application to blood donors. MEDITERRANEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 8(3), 1-19 [10.6092/2282-1619/mjcp-2600].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Validation of the Italian version of the Injection Phobia Scale - Anxiety and application to blood donors.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia di allegato: Publisher’s Version (Version of Record, VoR)
Dimensione 393.83 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
393.83 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/298040
Citazioni
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
Social impact