Background: Lipids from oleaginous yeasts emerged as a sustainable alternative to vegetable oils and animal fat to produce biodiesel, the biodegradable and environmentally friendly counterpart of petro-diesel fuel. To develop economically viable microbial processes, the use of residual feedstocks as growth and production substrates is required. Results: In this work we investigated sugar beet pulp (SBP) and molasses, the main residues of sugar beet processing, as sustainable substrates for the growth and lipid accumulation by the oleaginous yeast Lipomyces starkeyi. We observed that in hydrolysed SBP the yeast cultures reached a limited biomass, cellular lipid content, lipid production and yield (2.5 g/L, 19.2%, 0.5 g/L and 0.08 g/g, respectively). To increase the initial sugar availability, cells were grown in SBP blended with molasses. Under batch cultivation, the cellular lipid content was more than doubled (47.2%) in the presence of 6% molasses. Under pulsed-feeding cultivation, final biomass, cellular lipid content, lipid production and lipid yield were further improved, reaching respectively 20.5 g/L, 49.2%, 9.7 g/L and 0.178 g/g. Finally, we observed that SBP can be used instead of ammonium sulphate to fulfil yeasts nitrogen requirement in molasses-based media for microbial oil production. Conclusions: This study demonstrates for the first time that SBP and molasses can be blended to create a feedstock for the sustainable production of lipids by L. starkeyi. The data obtained pave the way to further improve lipid production by designing a fed-batch process in bioreactor. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Martani, F., Maestroni, L., Torchio, M., Ami, D., Natalello, A., Lotti, M., et al. (2020). Conversion of sugar beet residues into lipids by Lipomyces starkeyi for biodiesel production. MICROBIAL CELL FACTORIES, 19(1) [10.1186/s12934-020-01467-1].

Conversion of sugar beet residues into lipids by Lipomyces starkeyi for biodiesel production

Martani F.;Maestroni L.;Ami D.;Natalello A.;Lotti M.;Porro D.;Branduardi P.
2020

Abstract

Background: Lipids from oleaginous yeasts emerged as a sustainable alternative to vegetable oils and animal fat to produce biodiesel, the biodegradable and environmentally friendly counterpart of petro-diesel fuel. To develop economically viable microbial processes, the use of residual feedstocks as growth and production substrates is required. Results: In this work we investigated sugar beet pulp (SBP) and molasses, the main residues of sugar beet processing, as sustainable substrates for the growth and lipid accumulation by the oleaginous yeast Lipomyces starkeyi. We observed that in hydrolysed SBP the yeast cultures reached a limited biomass, cellular lipid content, lipid production and yield (2.5 g/L, 19.2%, 0.5 g/L and 0.08 g/g, respectively). To increase the initial sugar availability, cells were grown in SBP blended with molasses. Under batch cultivation, the cellular lipid content was more than doubled (47.2%) in the presence of 6% molasses. Under pulsed-feeding cultivation, final biomass, cellular lipid content, lipid production and lipid yield were further improved, reaching respectively 20.5 g/L, 49.2%, 9.7 g/L and 0.178 g/g. Finally, we observed that SBP can be used instead of ammonium sulphate to fulfil yeasts nitrogen requirement in molasses-based media for microbial oil production. Conclusions: This study demonstrates for the first time that SBP and molasses can be blended to create a feedstock for the sustainable production of lipids by L. starkeyi. The data obtained pave the way to further improve lipid production by designing a fed-batch process in bioreactor. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Biodiesel; Biorefinery; Fames; Lipomyces starkeyi; Molasses; Sugar beet pulp; Tags
English
Martani, F., Maestroni, L., Torchio, M., Ami, D., Natalello, A., Lotti, M., et al. (2020). Conversion of sugar beet residues into lipids by Lipomyces starkeyi for biodiesel production. MICROBIAL CELL FACTORIES, 19(1) [10.1186/s12934-020-01467-1].
Martani, F; Maestroni, L; Torchio, M; Ami, D; Natalello, A; Lotti, M; Porro, D; Branduardi, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/295564
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