Objectives: To evaluate a semi-automated segmentation and ventilated lung quantification on chest computed tomography (CT) to assess lung involvement in patients affected by SARS-CoV-2. Results were compared with clinical and functional parameters and outcomes. Methods: All images underwent quantitative analyses with a dedicated workstation using a semi-automatic lung segmentation software to compute ventilated lung volume (VLV), Ground-glass opacity (GGO) volume (GGO-V), and consolidation volume (CONS-V) as absolute volume and as a percentage of total lung volume (TLV). The ratio between CONS-V, GGO-V, and VLV (CONS-V/VLV and GGO-V/VLV, respectively), TLV (CONS-V/TLV, GGO-V/TLV, and GGO-V + CONS-V/TLV respectively), and the ratio between VLV and TLV (VLV/TLV) were calculated. Results: A total of 108 patients were enrolled. GGO-V/TLV significantly correlated with WBC (r = 0.369), neutrophils (r = 0.446), platelets (r = 0.182), CRP (r = 0.190), PaCO2 (r = 0.176), HCO3− (r = 0.284), and PaO2/FiO2 (P/F) values (r = − 0.344). CONS-V/TLV significantly correlated with WBC (r = 0.294), neutrophils (r = 0.300), lymphocytes (r = −0.225), CRP (r = 0.306), PaCO2 (r = 0.227), pH (r = 0.162), HCO3− (r = 0.394), and P/F (r = − 0.419) values. Statistically significant differences between CONS-V, GGO-V, GGO-V/TLV, CONS-V/TLV, GGO-V/VLV, CONS-V/VLV, GGO-V + CONS-V/TLV, VLV/TLV, CT score, and invasive ventilation by ET were found (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of quantitative semi-automated algorithm for lung CT elaboration effectively correlates the severity of SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia with laboratory parameters and the need for invasive ventilation. Key Points: • Pathological lung volumes, expressed both as GGO-V and as CONS-V, can be considered a useful tool in SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia. • All lung volumes, expressed themselves and as ratio with TLV and VLV, correlate with laboratory data, in particular C-reactive protein and white blood cell count. • All lung volumes correlate with patient’s outcome, in particular concerning invasive ventilation.

Ippolito, D., Ragusi, M., Gandola, D., Maino, C., Pecorelli, A., Terrani, S., et al. (2021). Computed tomography semi-automated lung volume quantification in SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia. EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY, 31(5), 2726-2736 [10.1007/s00330-020-07271-0].

Computed tomography semi-automated lung volume quantification in SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia

Ippolito D.
;
Ragusi M.;Gandola D.;Maino C.;Pecorelli A.;Giandola T.;Porta M.;Talei Franzesi C.;Sironi S.
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate a semi-automated segmentation and ventilated lung quantification on chest computed tomography (CT) to assess lung involvement in patients affected by SARS-CoV-2. Results were compared with clinical and functional parameters and outcomes. Methods: All images underwent quantitative analyses with a dedicated workstation using a semi-automatic lung segmentation software to compute ventilated lung volume (VLV), Ground-glass opacity (GGO) volume (GGO-V), and consolidation volume (CONS-V) as absolute volume and as a percentage of total lung volume (TLV). The ratio between CONS-V, GGO-V, and VLV (CONS-V/VLV and GGO-V/VLV, respectively), TLV (CONS-V/TLV, GGO-V/TLV, and GGO-V + CONS-V/TLV respectively), and the ratio between VLV and TLV (VLV/TLV) were calculated. Results: A total of 108 patients were enrolled. GGO-V/TLV significantly correlated with WBC (r = 0.369), neutrophils (r = 0.446), platelets (r = 0.182), CRP (r = 0.190), PaCO2 (r = 0.176), HCO3− (r = 0.284), and PaO2/FiO2 (P/F) values (r = − 0.344). CONS-V/TLV significantly correlated with WBC (r = 0.294), neutrophils (r = 0.300), lymphocytes (r = −0.225), CRP (r = 0.306), PaCO2 (r = 0.227), pH (r = 0.162), HCO3− (r = 0.394), and P/F (r = − 0.419) values. Statistically significant differences between CONS-V, GGO-V, GGO-V/TLV, CONS-V/TLV, GGO-V/VLV, CONS-V/VLV, GGO-V + CONS-V/TLV, VLV/TLV, CT score, and invasive ventilation by ET were found (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of quantitative semi-automated algorithm for lung CT elaboration effectively correlates the severity of SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia with laboratory parameters and the need for invasive ventilation. Key Points: • Pathological lung volumes, expressed both as GGO-V and as CONS-V, can be considered a useful tool in SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia. • All lung volumes, expressed themselves and as ratio with TLV and VLV, correlate with laboratory data, in particular C-reactive protein and white blood cell count. • All lung volumes correlate with patient’s outcome, in particular concerning invasive ventilation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Artificial intelligence; Computed tomography, X-ray; Infection, coronavirus; Lung volume measurements; Pneumonia;
English
30-ott-2020
2021
31
5
2726
2736
none
Ippolito, D., Ragusi, M., Gandola, D., Maino, C., Pecorelli, A., Terrani, S., et al. (2021). Computed tomography semi-automated lung volume quantification in SARS-CoV-2-related pneumonia. EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY, 31(5), 2726-2736 [10.1007/s00330-020-07271-0].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/295101
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