We analyse the sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for 36 massive and passive galaxies in the cluster XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39 using optical and near-infrared Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging. We derive light-weighted Sérsic fits in five HST bands (i775, z850, Y105, J125, H160), and find that the size decreases by ~20 per cent going from i775 to H160 band, consistent with recent studies. We then generate spatially resolved stellar mass maps using an empirical relationship between M*/LH160 and (z850- H160) and use these to derive mass-weighted Sérsic fits: the mass-weighted sizes are ~41 per cent smaller than their rest-frame r-band counterparts compared with an average of ~12 per cent at z ~ 0. We attribute this evolution to the evolution in the M*/LH160 and colour gradient. Indeed, as expected, the ratio of mass-weighted to light-weighted size is correlated with the M*/L gradient, but is also mildly correlated with the mass surface density and mass-weighted size. The colour gradients (∇z- H) are mostly negative, with a median value of ~0.45 mag dex-1, twice the local value. The evolution is caused by an evolution in age gradients along the semimajor axis (a), with ∇age = dlog (age)/dlog (a) ~- 0.33, while the survival of weaker colour gradients in old, local galaxies implies that metallicity gradients are also required, with ∇Z = dlog (Z)/dlog (a) ~- 0.2. This is consistent with recent observational evidence for the inside-out growth of passive galaxies at high redshift, and favours a gradual mass growth mechanism, such as minor mergers.

Chan, J., Beifiori, A., Trevor Mendel, J., Saglia, R., Bender, R., Fossati, M., et al. (2016). Sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for the massive cluster galaxies in XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 458(3), 3181-3209 [10.1093/mnras/stw502].

Sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for the massive cluster galaxies in XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39

Fossati M.;
2016

Abstract

We analyse the sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for 36 massive and passive galaxies in the cluster XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39 using optical and near-infrared Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging. We derive light-weighted Sérsic fits in five HST bands (i775, z850, Y105, J125, H160), and find that the size decreases by ~20 per cent going from i775 to H160 band, consistent with recent studies. We then generate spatially resolved stellar mass maps using an empirical relationship between M*/LH160 and (z850- H160) and use these to derive mass-weighted Sérsic fits: the mass-weighted sizes are ~41 per cent smaller than their rest-frame r-band counterparts compared with an average of ~12 per cent at z ~ 0. We attribute this evolution to the evolution in the M*/LH160 and colour gradient. Indeed, as expected, the ratio of mass-weighted to light-weighted size is correlated with the M*/L gradient, but is also mildly correlated with the mass surface density and mass-weighted size. The colour gradients (∇z- H) are mostly negative, with a median value of ~0.45 mag dex-1, twice the local value. The evolution is caused by an evolution in age gradients along the semimajor axis (a), with ∇age = dlog (age)/dlog (a) ~- 0.33, while the survival of weaker colour gradients in old, local galaxies implies that metallicity gradients are also required, with ∇Z = dlog (Z)/dlog (a) ~- 0.2. This is consistent with recent observational evidence for the inside-out growth of passive galaxies at high redshift, and favours a gradual mass growth mechanism, such as minor mergers.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Galaxies: Clusters: General; Galaxies: Elliptical and lenticular, cD; Galaxies: Formation; Galaxies: Fundamental parameters; Galaxies: High-redshift; Galaxy: Evolution
English
3181
3209
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Chan, J., Beifiori, A., Trevor Mendel, J., Saglia, R., Bender, R., Fossati, M., et al. (2016). Sizes, colour gradients and resolved stellar mass distributions for the massive cluster galaxies in XMMUJ2235-2557 at z = 1.39. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 458(3), 3181-3209 [10.1093/mnras/stw502].
Chan, J; Beifiori, A; Trevor Mendel, J; Saglia, R; Bender, R; Fossati, M; Galametz, A; Wegner, M; Wilman, D; Cappellari, M; Davies, R; Houghton, R; Prichard, L; Lewis, I; Sharples, R; Stott, J
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/294073
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