One of the most effective methods of influencing what people like and dislike is to expose them to systematic patterns (or ‘regularities’) in the environment, such as the repeated presentation of a single stimulus (mere exposure), two or more stimuli (evaluative conditioning) or to relationships between stimuli and behavior (approach/avoidance). Hughes, De Houwer, and Perugini (2016) found that evaluations also emerge when regularities in the environment intersect with one another. In this paper we examined if evaluations established via operant evaluative conditioning and intersecting regularities can be undermined via extinction or revised via counterconditioning. Across seven pre-registered studies (n = 1071) participants first completed a learning phase designed to establish novel evaluations followed by one of multiple forms of extinction or counterconditioning procedures designed to undo them. Results indicate that evaluations were - in general - resistant to extinction and counterconditioning. Theoretical and practical implications along with future directions are discussed.

Hughes, S., Mattavelli, S., Hussey, I., & De Houwer, J. (2020). The Influence of Extinction and Counterconditioning Procedures on Operant Evaluative Conditioning and Intersecting Regularity Effects. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 7(10) [10.1098/rsos.192085].

The Influence of Extinction and Counterconditioning Procedures on Operant Evaluative Conditioning and Intersecting Regularity Effects

Mattavelli, S;
2020

Abstract

One of the most effective methods of influencing what people like and dislike is to expose them to systematic patterns (or ‘regularities’) in the environment, such as the repeated presentation of a single stimulus (mere exposure), two or more stimuli (evaluative conditioning) or to relationships between stimuli and behavior (approach/avoidance). Hughes, De Houwer, and Perugini (2016) found that evaluations also emerge when regularities in the environment intersect with one another. In this paper we examined if evaluations established via operant evaluative conditioning and intersecting regularities can be undermined via extinction or revised via counterconditioning. Across seven pre-registered studies (n = 1071) participants first completed a learning phase designed to establish novel evaluations followed by one of multiple forms of extinction or counterconditioning procedures designed to undo them. Results indicate that evaluations were - in general - resistant to extinction and counterconditioning. Theoretical and practical implications along with future directions are discussed.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Learning, evaluative conditioning, intersecting regularity, extinction, counterconditioning
English
Hughes, S., Mattavelli, S., Hussey, I., & De Houwer, J. (2020). The Influence of Extinction and Counterconditioning Procedures on Operant Evaluative Conditioning and Intersecting Regularity Effects. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 7(10) [10.1098/rsos.192085].
Hughes, S; Mattavelli, S; Hussey, I; De Houwer, J
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/287168
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