Cosmopolitan Orientation’s (COS) relationship with personal religiosity, organizational religiosity, and national identity was examined in nationally representative samples from 19 societies (13 mainly Christian, 2 Muslim, and 4 societies with historically Buddhist influences, N = 8740). Multi-group structural equation models found that personal religiosity was a positive and significant predictor of global prosociality (willingness to help others in a global community) overall (b = .18), and in 13 of 19 societies. This relationship was stronger in countries higher on the Human Development Index. National identity was overall a weak and positive predictor of global prosociality (b = .06) and respect for cultural diversity (b = .07), but results were culturally variable. There were negative relationships between national identity and COS indicators in Germany, the UK and USA (countries with active anti-immigration discourses popularized by populist right-wing politicians). Separate analyses for different religious groups found that among Christians, personal religiosity was positively associated with global prosociality, respect for cultural differences, and cultural openness (in that order). Among Buddhists, both personal and organizational religiosity were associated with global prosociality and cultural openness. For the smaller sample of Muslims, the only significant association was the positive link between personal religiosity and global prosociality. Findings support the idea that, contrary to much-established literature, there are country-level moderators, but no overall negative relationship between cosmopolitanism and religiosity or national identity at the individual-level across cultures.
Zhang, R., Liu, J., Cai, H., Mari, S., Qu, X., & Suerdem, A. (2020). How do Religiosity and National Identity relate to Cosmopolitanism? An Empirical Study using Representative Samples in Christian, Muslim, and Buddhist Societies. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION.
|Citazione:||Zhang, R., Liu, J., Cai, H., Mari, S., Qu, X., & Suerdem, A. (2020). How do Religiosity and National Identity relate to Cosmopolitanism? An Empirical Study using Representative Samples in Christian, Muslim, and Buddhist Societies. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||How do Religiosity and National Identity relate to Cosmopolitanism? An Empirical Study using Representative Samples in Christian, Muslim, and Buddhist Societies.|
|Autori:||Zhang, R; Liu, J; Cai, H; Mari, S; Qu, X; Suerdem, A|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR THE PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2020.1827192|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|