There is limited information on the prevalence of dyslipidemia in the Italian pediatric population. Aim of the study was to evaluate total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and associated factors in a large sample of Italian children, applying a micro-sampling procedure in the family pediatrician’s office. In a population of 1910 children (50.2% males, age 7–11 years), 27.6% was overweight or obese and 28.3% had at least one parent with referred hypercholesterolemia. Total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were elevated in 4.5% and 23.5% of the subjects, respectively, while HDL cholesterol was below 40 mg/dl in 3.3%. Male gender (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.01–2.49) and positive family history (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.36–3.32) were independent predictors of hypercholesterolemia, while BMI z-score was associated with low HDL cholesterol (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.13–1.88) and high levels of triglycerides (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.26–1.55). Conclusion: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in our sample is worthy of attention. The study suggests the opportunity and feasibility to check for the presence of dyslipidemia at the family pediatrician’s office. Familiarity is associated with high cholesterol levels, regardless of the children’s weight class, while weight excess identifies subjects with the typical lipid profile of metabolic syndrome.What is Known:• Few data are available on the lipid profile in Italian children.• Early treatment of hypercholesterolemia is effective in reducing cardiovascular events later in life; there is no agreement on how to screen for dyslipidemia in childhood, however.What is New:• In a large sample of Italian children, familiarity doubles the risk of hypercholesterolemia, while increased BMI is associated with low HDL cholesterol levels and hypertriglyceridemia.• The pediatrician may perform an assessment of plasma lipids in his office as a first step to diagnose familial hypercholesterolemia.

Giussani, M., Antolini, L., de' Angelis, M., Guardamagna, O., Dozzi, M., & Genovesi, S. (2021). Lipid profile assessed in the family pediatrician’s office: the COLIBRI’- SIMPeF study. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 180(1), 147-156 [10.1007/s00431-020-03726-0].

Lipid profile assessed in the family pediatrician’s office: the COLIBRI’- SIMPeF study

Giussani M.
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Antolini L.
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Genovesi S.
Ultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021

Abstract

There is limited information on the prevalence of dyslipidemia in the Italian pediatric population. Aim of the study was to evaluate total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and associated factors in a large sample of Italian children, applying a micro-sampling procedure in the family pediatrician’s office. In a population of 1910 children (50.2% males, age 7–11 years), 27.6% was overweight or obese and 28.3% had at least one parent with referred hypercholesterolemia. Total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were elevated in 4.5% and 23.5% of the subjects, respectively, while HDL cholesterol was below 40 mg/dl in 3.3%. Male gender (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.01–2.49) and positive family history (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.36–3.32) were independent predictors of hypercholesterolemia, while BMI z-score was associated with low HDL cholesterol (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.13–1.88) and high levels of triglycerides (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.26–1.55). Conclusion: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in our sample is worthy of attention. The study suggests the opportunity and feasibility to check for the presence of dyslipidemia at the family pediatrician’s office. Familiarity is associated with high cholesterol levels, regardless of the children’s weight class, while weight excess identifies subjects with the typical lipid profile of metabolic syndrome.What is Known:• Few data are available on the lipid profile in Italian children.• Early treatment of hypercholesterolemia is effective in reducing cardiovascular events later in life; there is no agreement on how to screen for dyslipidemia in childhood, however.What is New:• In a large sample of Italian children, familiarity doubles the risk of hypercholesterolemia, while increased BMI is associated with low HDL cholesterol levels and hypertriglyceridemia.• The pediatrician may perform an assessment of plasma lipids in his office as a first step to diagnose familial hypercholesterolemia.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Children; Familiarity; Family pediatrician; Hypercholesterolemia; Obesity;
English
Giussani, M., Antolini, L., de' Angelis, M., Guardamagna, O., Dozzi, M., & Genovesi, S. (2021). Lipid profile assessed in the family pediatrician’s office: the COLIBRI’- SIMPeF study. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 180(1), 147-156 [10.1007/s00431-020-03726-0].
Giussani, M; Antolini, L; de' Angelis, M; Guardamagna, O; Dozzi, M; Genovesi, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/280610
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