Introduction: To evaluate the clinical utility of placental growth factor (PlGF) for the prediction of preeclampsia (PE). Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study included women divided into three groups: (1) pregnancies without preconceptional risk of developing PE; (2) pregnancies with a preconceptional and/or current risk of developing PE; (3) PE-complicated pregnancies (control group). Blood samples were collected every 4-5 weeks or during hospitalization from early second trimester until delivery in the group 1 and 2, at the diagnosis of PE in the group 3. Plasma levels of PlGF were measured using The Triage PlGF test (Alere) and considered pathological under the 5th centile for gestational age. Sensitivity (Sn), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive value (PPV, NPV) were calculated. Results: In group 1, 30% of women (3/10) had pathological test but none of them developed PE (Sp 70%, NPV 100%). In group 2 (n = 75), none of the patients with normal test developed PE (0/24), while 39% of women with PlGF < 5th centile (20/51) developed PE (Sn 100%, Sp 44%, PPV 39%, NPV 100%). In group 3 (n = 11) all women except one had a pathological PlGF test (Sn 90%, PPV 100%). Conclusions: Our data support recent studies which identify PlGF as a biochemical marker not only of PE, but also of placental dysfunction. In fact, it is useful for ruling out PE in women at risk because of the high Sn and high NPV: a normal PlGF is related with a positive pregnancy outcome. Therefore, the measurement of this biomarker would simplify PE clinical management and would reduce costs.

Giardini, V., Rovelli, R., Algeri, P., Giunti, L., Lazzarin, S., Callegari, C., et al. (2020). Placental growth factor as a predictive marker of preeclampsia - PREBIO study - PREeclampsia BIOchemical study. THE JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE, 1-7 [10.1080/14767058.2020.1792878].

Placental growth factor as a predictive marker of preeclampsia - PREBIO study - PREeclampsia BIOchemical study

Giardini, Valentina
;
Rovelli, Roberta;Algeri, Paola;Lazzarin, Sara;Callegari, Clelia;Roncaglia, Nadia;Vergani, Patrizia
2020

Abstract

Introduction: To evaluate the clinical utility of placental growth factor (PlGF) for the prediction of preeclampsia (PE). Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study included women divided into three groups: (1) pregnancies without preconceptional risk of developing PE; (2) pregnancies with a preconceptional and/or current risk of developing PE; (3) PE-complicated pregnancies (control group). Blood samples were collected every 4-5 weeks or during hospitalization from early second trimester until delivery in the group 1 and 2, at the diagnosis of PE in the group 3. Plasma levels of PlGF were measured using The Triage PlGF test (Alere) and considered pathological under the 5th centile for gestational age. Sensitivity (Sn), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive value (PPV, NPV) were calculated. Results: In group 1, 30% of women (3/10) had pathological test but none of them developed PE (Sp 70%, NPV 100%). In group 2 (n = 75), none of the patients with normal test developed PE (0/24), while 39% of women with PlGF < 5th centile (20/51) developed PE (Sn 100%, Sp 44%, PPV 39%, NPV 100%). In group 3 (n = 11) all women except one had a pathological PlGF test (Sn 90%, PPV 100%). Conclusions: Our data support recent studies which identify PlGF as a biochemical marker not only of PE, but also of placental dysfunction. In fact, it is useful for ruling out PE in women at risk because of the high Sn and high NPV: a normal PlGF is related with a positive pregnancy outcome. Therefore, the measurement of this biomarker would simplify PE clinical management and would reduce costs.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Preeclampsia, biochemical marker, fetal growth restriction, placental dysfunction, placental growth factor
English
Giardini, V., Rovelli, R., Algeri, P., Giunti, L., Lazzarin, S., Callegari, C., et al. (2020). Placental growth factor as a predictive marker of preeclampsia - PREBIO study - PREeclampsia BIOchemical study. THE JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE, 1-7 [10.1080/14767058.2020.1792878].
Giardini, V; Rovelli, R; Algeri, P; Giunti, L; Lazzarin, S; Callegari, C; Roncaglia, N; Vergani, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/280102
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