In the Maldivian islands, the lack of sewage wastewater treatment and an improper landfill enhance the potential hazard of emerging contaminants, including pharmaceuticals and personal care products. In order to analyze the occurrence of emerging contaminants in the marine biota, sponges were collected in two coral reef areas of Magoodhoo island (Faafu), one near the landfill and the other furthest from the island. Caffeine, fluoxetine and norfluoxetine were detected only in the proximity of the landfill, with caffeine showing the highest concentration (28.4 ng/g d.w.), followed by fluoxetine (6.00 ng/g d.w.). Norfluoxetine was below the limit of quantification of 10 ng/g d.w. Nitro xylene, N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide and galaxolide were found in both areas, with concentrations of 3.51/6.11/8.54 and <LOQ/1.14/0.62 ng/g d.w., respectively. Due to the vital role of the coral reef for the livelihood and economy of the Maldivian people, attention should be paid to this class of contaminant.

Rizzi, C., Seveso, D., Galli, P., & Villa, S. (2020). First record of emerging contaminants in sponges of an inhabited island in the Maldives. MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, 156 [10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111273].

First record of emerging contaminants in sponges of an inhabited island in the Maldives

Rizzi, Cristiana
Primo
;
Seveso, Davide
;
Galli, Paolo;Villa, Sara
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

In the Maldivian islands, the lack of sewage wastewater treatment and an improper landfill enhance the potential hazard of emerging contaminants, including pharmaceuticals and personal care products. In order to analyze the occurrence of emerging contaminants in the marine biota, sponges were collected in two coral reef areas of Magoodhoo island (Faafu), one near the landfill and the other furthest from the island. Caffeine, fluoxetine and norfluoxetine were detected only in the proximity of the landfill, with caffeine showing the highest concentration (28.4 ng/g d.w.), followed by fluoxetine (6.00 ng/g d.w.). Norfluoxetine was below the limit of quantification of 10 ng/g d.w. Nitro xylene, N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide and galaxolide were found in both areas, with concentrations of 3.51/6.11/8.54 and
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
emerging contaminants
English
Rizzi, C., Seveso, D., Galli, P., & Villa, S. (2020). First record of emerging contaminants in sponges of an inhabited island in the Maldives. MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, 156 [10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111273].
Rizzi, C; Seveso, D; Galli, P; Villa, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/275449
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