Introduction: Social-media can contribute to building up adolescents' relationships, but they might also bring negative exclusionary experiences. Being excluded is a subtle yet hurtful form of relational aggression, which affects people's psychological wellbeing, especially during developmental stages. In this study, we (1) analyzed the effects of social-media exclusion adapting the Ostracism Online paradigm to a cohort of Italian preadolescents (Mage = 11.47, 53% girls) and (2) tested the efficacy of two potential recovery strategies (i.e., social bonds vs. social surrogate). Method: Inclusionary status was manipulated through the number of “likes” participants received on a fictitious online social network. In the exclusion condition, participants received fewer likes than everyone else. In the inclusion condition, participants received a similar number of likes of other users. Then, all participants were asked to think of a significant positive relationship with a family member (social bonds), a celebrity (social surrogate), their present moment thoughts (control). Results: Preadolescents who received fewer likes than others reported higher levels of need threat (i.e., belong, self-esteem, meaningful existence, but not control) and negative emotions. Moreover, the social-bonds strategy generally brought a faster psychological recovery from social-media exclusion than the control condition. The efficacy of social-surrogates strategy was greater for boys than for girls, probably due to different choices in their favorite celebrities. Conclusion: These findings show how offline life offers compensatory opportunities for adolescents’ online life. When the lack of “Likes” signal exclusion on social-media, thinking of an existing social relationship help adolescents to cope with this negative experience.
Timeo, S., Riva, P., & Paladino, M. (2020). Being liked or not being liked: A study on social-media exclusion in a preadolescent population. JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE, 80, 173-181.
|Citazione:||Timeo, S., Riva, P., & Paladino, M. (2020). Being liked or not being liked: A study on social-media exclusion in a preadolescent population. JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE, 80, 173-181.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Being liked or not being liked: A study on social-media exclusion in a preadolescent population|
|Autori:||Timeo, S; Riva, P; Paladino, M|
RIVA, PAOLO (Secondo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.02.010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|