The Ah receptor (AhR) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor belonging to the basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH-PAS) superfamily. Binding to and activation of the AhR by a variety of chemicals results in the induction of expression of diverse genes and production of a broad spectrum of biological and toxic effects. The AhR also plays important roles in several physiological responses, which has led it to become a novel target for the development of therapeutic drugs. Differences in the interactions of various ligands within the AhR ligand binding domain (LBD) may contribute to differential modulation of AhR functionality. We combined computational and experimental analyses to investigate the binding modes of a group of chemicals representative of major classes of AhR ligands. On the basis of a novel computational approach for molecular docking to the homology model of the AhR LBD that includes the receptor flexibility, we predicted specific residues within the AhR binding cavity that play a critical role in binding of three distinct groups of chemicals. The prediction was validated by site-directed mutagenesis and evaluation of the relative ligand binding affinities for the mutant AhRs. These results provide an avenue for understanding ligand modulation of the AhR functionality and for rational drug design

Giani Tagliabue, S., Faber, S., Motta, S., Denison, M., & Bonati, L. (2019). Modeling the binding of diverse ligands within the Ah receptor ligand binding domain. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9(1) [10.1038/s41598-019-47138-z].

Modeling the binding of diverse ligands within the Ah receptor ligand binding domain

Giani Tagliabue S.
Primo
;
Motta S.;Bonati L.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

The Ah receptor (AhR) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor belonging to the basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH-PAS) superfamily. Binding to and activation of the AhR by a variety of chemicals results in the induction of expression of diverse genes and production of a broad spectrum of biological and toxic effects. The AhR also plays important roles in several physiological responses, which has led it to become a novel target for the development of therapeutic drugs. Differences in the interactions of various ligands within the AhR ligand binding domain (LBD) may contribute to differential modulation of AhR functionality. We combined computational and experimental analyses to investigate the binding modes of a group of chemicals representative of major classes of AhR ligands. On the basis of a novel computational approach for molecular docking to the homology model of the AhR LBD that includes the receptor flexibility, we predicted specific residues within the AhR binding cavity that play a critical role in binding of three distinct groups of chemicals. The prediction was validated by site-directed mutagenesis and evaluation of the relative ligand binding affinities for the mutant AhRs. These results provide an avenue for understanding ligand modulation of the AhR functionality and for rational drug design
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor, ligand binding, molecular modeling, mutagenesis
English
Giani Tagliabue, S., Faber, S., Motta, S., Denison, M., & Bonati, L. (2019). Modeling the binding of diverse ligands within the Ah receptor ligand binding domain. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9(1) [10.1038/s41598-019-47138-z].
Giani Tagliabue, S; Faber, S; Motta, S; Denison, M; Bonati, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/240576
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