A method for assessing the risk for honeybees from pesticide exposure via pollen is proposed. Four pesticides, selected as markers, were monitored in pollen samples collected in two sampling areas, one located in an intensive agricultural area and the other far from direct pesticide impact. Analytical results were consistent with use patterns of the chemicals and their physico-chemical and persistence properties. For a preliminary estimate of bee exposure via pollen, both by ingestion and by contact, an exposure index was developed, based on physico-chemical properties, persistence and application rates. On the basis of the exposure estimates and acute toxicological data (ingestion and contact LD50), Toxicity Exposure Ratios (TERs) were calculated as indicators of the risk for honeybees due to this particular exposure route. TER values were compared to Hazard Quotient (HQ), calculated as the ratio between application rate and the LC50 value, according to European guidelines, showing a satisfactory agreement. The advantage of the above described procedures is that the environmental fate of the chemicals, and not only application rates, are taken into account. This approach may represent a preliminary tool for a comparative screening of the risk for pollinator insects due to this particular exposure route.
Villa, S., Vighi, M., Finizio, A., & Serini, G.B. (2000). Risk assessment for honeybees from pesticide-exposed pollen. ECOTOXICOLOGY, 9(4), 287-297 [10.1023/A:1026522112328].
|Citazione:||Villa, S., Vighi, M., Finizio, A., & Serini, G.B. (2000). Risk assessment for honeybees from pesticide-exposed pollen. ECOTOXICOLOGY, 9(4), 287-297 [10.1023/A:1026522112328].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Risk assessment for honeybees from pesticide-exposed pollen|
|Autori:||Villa, S; Vighi, M; Finizio, A; Serini, GB|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026522112328|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|