The present study aimed to investigate whether perceptual completion is available at birth, in the absence of any visual experience. An extremely underspecified kinetic visual display composed of four spatially separated fragments arranged to give rise to an illusory rectangle that occluded a vertical rod (illusory condition) or rotated so as not to elicit perceptual grouping (control condition) was constructed. After newborns’ ability to detect the particular kind of rod-and-box display used in the present study had been probed (Experiment 1), they were habituated to the illusory rod-and-box display (Experiment 2), to the control display that did not contain illusory contours (Experiment 3), and to a standard real rod-and-box display akin to those used in previous infants’ studies (Experiment 4). Newborns perceived the rod as a connected unit either in the illusory condition (Experiment 2) or in the real condition (Experiment 4), as documented by a preference for a broken rod over a complete rod during the test phase, but not when the occluder was absent (Experiment 3). In all experiments newborns showed no preference between the two test stimuli (control condition), avoiding the possibility that newborns have a spontaneous preference for one test display over the other. Overall, the results of the present study provide evidence that the ability to achieve object unity (1)stems from intrinsic properties of the human perceptual system and (2) is operative from birth, given the right conditions.

Valenza, E., & Bulf, H. (2011). Early development of object unity: Newborn’s evidence for perceptual completion. DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE, 14(4), 799-808 [10.1111/j.1467-7687.2010.01026.x].

Early development of object unity: Newborn’s evidence for perceptual completion

BULF, HERMANN SERGIO
2011

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate whether perceptual completion is available at birth, in the absence of any visual experience. An extremely underspecified kinetic visual display composed of four spatially separated fragments arranged to give rise to an illusory rectangle that occluded a vertical rod (illusory condition) or rotated so as not to elicit perceptual grouping (control condition) was constructed. After newborns’ ability to detect the particular kind of rod-and-box display used in the present study had been probed (Experiment 1), they were habituated to the illusory rod-and-box display (Experiment 2), to the control display that did not contain illusory contours (Experiment 3), and to a standard real rod-and-box display akin to those used in previous infants’ studies (Experiment 4). Newborns perceived the rod as a connected unit either in the illusory condition (Experiment 2) or in the real condition (Experiment 4), as documented by a preference for a broken rod over a complete rod during the test phase, but not when the occluder was absent (Experiment 3). In all experiments newborns showed no preference between the two test stimuli (control condition), avoiding the possibility that newborns have a spontaneous preference for one test display over the other. Overall, the results of the present study provide evidence that the ability to achieve object unity (1)stems from intrinsic properties of the human perceptual system and (2) is operative from birth, given the right conditions.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Object knowledge; Newborns; Perceptual completion
English
799
808
10
Valenza, E., & Bulf, H. (2011). Early development of object unity: Newborn’s evidence for perceptual completion. DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE, 14(4), 799-808 [10.1111/j.1467-7687.2010.01026.x].
Valenza, E; Bulf, H
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/18696
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