Optical absorption and luminescence spectra of yellow corundum have been analyzed, both in magmatic and metamorphic materials, looking at the role of localized electronic transitions of transition metal ions at substituted Al sites. By the aid of energy dispersed x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) elemental analysis and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements, the results confirm that Fe3+ is the dominant impurity ion. However, the results also evidence that Cr3+ and Ti3+ contribute in determining the optical absorption and emission properties of this variety of gem-quality corundum, as we have recently found in Type 1 blue sapphires of metamorphic origin. Furthermore, preferentially but not exclusively in samples of metamorphic origin, Mn plays a role never evaluated up to now. Here we show how few ppm of Mn - below the detection limit of EDXRF, not revealed in the optical absorption spectra, but barely detected by EPR spectroscopy as Mn2+ ion -are active in photoluminescence, showing up with the characteristic emissions of Mn2+, Mn3+ and Mn4+.

Palanza, V., Galli, A., Lorenzi, R., Moretti, F., Mozzati, M., Paleari, A., et al. (2010). Luminescence study of transition metal ions in natural magmatic and metamorphic yellow sapphires. IOP CONFERENCE SERIES: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 15, 012086 [10.1088/1757-899X/15/1/012086].

Luminescence study of transition metal ions in natural magmatic and metamorphic yellow sapphires

GALLI, ANNA;LORENZI, ROBERTO;MORETTI, FEDERICO;PALEARI, ALBERTO MARIA FELICE;SPINOLO, GIORGIO MARIO
2010

Abstract

Optical absorption and luminescence spectra of yellow corundum have been analyzed, both in magmatic and metamorphic materials, looking at the role of localized electronic transitions of transition metal ions at substituted Al sites. By the aid of energy dispersed x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) elemental analysis and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements, the results confirm that Fe3+ is the dominant impurity ion. However, the results also evidence that Cr3+ and Ti3+ contribute in determining the optical absorption and emission properties of this variety of gem-quality corundum, as we have recently found in Type 1 blue sapphires of metamorphic origin. Furthermore, preferentially but not exclusively in samples of metamorphic origin, Mn plays a role never evaluated up to now. Here we show how few ppm of Mn - below the detection limit of EDXRF, not revealed in the optical absorption spectra, but barely detected by EPR spectroscopy as Mn2+ ion -are active in photoluminescence, showing up with the characteristic emissions of Mn2+, Mn3+ and Mn4+.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Sapphire, Optical absorption, Luminescence, Crystal Field theory, x-ray fluorescence
English
012086
Palanza, V., Galli, A., Lorenzi, R., Moretti, F., Mozzati, M., Paleari, A., et al. (2010). Luminescence study of transition metal ions in natural magmatic and metamorphic yellow sapphires. IOP CONFERENCE SERIES: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 15, 012086 [10.1088/1757-899X/15/1/012086].
Palanza, V; Galli, A; Lorenzi, R; Moretti, F; Mozzati, M; Paleari, A; Spinolo, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/18577
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