Background. The effects on long-term outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) of the duration and the intensity of maintenance chemotherapy need to be assessed reliably. With this objective the Childhood ALL Collaborative Group coordinated a worldwide overview of all randomised trials that began before 1987. Methods. Individual patient data were sought for about 3900 children in trials of longer vs shorter maintenance leg, 3 vs 2 years), 3700 in trials of intensive 'reinduction' chemotherapy during maintenance, and 4400 in trials of various other questions, including 1300 in trials of pulses of vincristine and prednisone (VP) during maintenance. Analyses were of survival in first remission, overall survival, and cause-specific mortality. Findings. Deaths during remission were increased by longer maintenance (2.7% vs 1.2%), VP pulses (4.0 vs 3.2%), and intensive reinduction (4.8% vs 3.3%), but these increases were counterbalanced by reductions in relapses. Total events (relapse or death) were significantly reduced by longer maintenance (23.3% vs 27.6%), VP pulses (31.2% vs 40.4%) and intensive reinduction (27.8% vs 35.8%) (each 2p < 0.001). Many of those who relapsed were successfully re-treated, however, and only for intensive reinduction was overall survival significantly improved (18.5% vs 22.3%; 2p = 0.01). Interpretation. Intensive reinduction chemotherapy in these trials produced an absolute improvement of about 4% in long-term survival; if the extra deaths in remission had been avoided, this would have been a 5% benefit. Further improvements in survival seem more likely to be obtained with intensive treatment than with longer low-level maintenance

Richards, S., Gray, R., Peto, R., Gaynon, P., Masera, G., Pession, A., et al. (1996). Duration and intensity of maintenance chemotherapy in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: overview of 42 trials involving 12 000 randomised children. THE LANCET, 347(9018), 1783-1788 [10.1016/S0140-6736(96)91615-3].

Duration and intensity of maintenance chemotherapy in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: overview of 42 trials involving 12 000 randomised children

Masera, G;Rondelli, R;Valsecchi, M;Cairo, M;
1996

Abstract

Background. The effects on long-term outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) of the duration and the intensity of maintenance chemotherapy need to be assessed reliably. With this objective the Childhood ALL Collaborative Group coordinated a worldwide overview of all randomised trials that began before 1987. Methods. Individual patient data were sought for about 3900 children in trials of longer vs shorter maintenance leg, 3 vs 2 years), 3700 in trials of intensive 'reinduction' chemotherapy during maintenance, and 4400 in trials of various other questions, including 1300 in trials of pulses of vincristine and prednisone (VP) during maintenance. Analyses were of survival in first remission, overall survival, and cause-specific mortality. Findings. Deaths during remission were increased by longer maintenance (2.7% vs 1.2%), VP pulses (4.0 vs 3.2%), and intensive reinduction (4.8% vs 3.3%), but these increases were counterbalanced by reductions in relapses. Total events (relapse or death) were significantly reduced by longer maintenance (23.3% vs 27.6%), VP pulses (31.2% vs 40.4%) and intensive reinduction (27.8% vs 35.8%) (each 2p < 0.001). Many of those who relapsed were successfully re-treated, however, and only for intensive reinduction was overall survival significantly improved (18.5% vs 22.3%; 2p = 0.01). Interpretation. Intensive reinduction chemotherapy in these trials produced an absolute improvement of about 4% in long-term survival; if the extra deaths in remission had been avoided, this would have been a 5% benefit. Further improvements in survival seem more likely to be obtained with intensive treatment than with longer low-level maintenance
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Adolescent; Adult; Antineoplastic Agents; Child; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Drug Administration Schedule; Humans; Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Survival Analysis
English
1783
1788
6
Richards, S., Gray, R., Peto, R., Gaynon, P., Masera, G., Pession, A., et al. (1996). Duration and intensity of maintenance chemotherapy in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: overview of 42 trials involving 12 000 randomised children. THE LANCET, 347(9018), 1783-1788 [10.1016/S0140-6736(96)91615-3].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/183189
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