Applying an anthropological perspective, the article analyzes the effect of the creation of socio-environmentalist protected areas on the struggles for the rights of the so-called "traditional populations" in Brazil. In this context, these populations are supposed to demonstrate to have an “ecological identity”, that is, a harmonious connection with a specific natural environment. I propose the concept of “ecological identity” to highlight how this kind of identity claim can become a political tool to gain both access to new rights and recognition of cultural specificity by a specific social group. In particular, I will consider the case of the extractive reserves, tracing their origins and developments through an ethnographic analysis of the struggle waged by the Afro-Brazilian community of Frechal against the local landowner. In fact, in order to obtain the creation of an extractive reserve, they reshaped their livelihood and ethno-cultural rights claims in an environmental fashion. Finally, I will propose a reflection on the critical elements underlying this "ecologization" of "traditional populations". I will suggest that this process may paradoxically legitimize a depoliticized image of these social groups. This means that if the acquisition of rights seems to be linked to the recognition of a “biological" relation between human communities and the natural environment, "traditional populations" will risk not to be fully recognized as collective subjects with their own political agency and cultural specificity

Tassan, M. (2016). Identità “ecologiche” e aree protette: una prospettiva antropologica sulle lotte per i diritti delle “popolazioni tradizionali” in Brasile. PALAVER, 5(2), 113-144 [10.1285/i22804250v5i2p113].

Identità “ecologiche” e aree protette: una prospettiva antropologica sulle lotte per i diritti delle “popolazioni tradizionali” in Brasile

Tassan, M
2016

Abstract

Applying an anthropological perspective, the article analyzes the effect of the creation of socio-environmentalist protected areas on the struggles for the rights of the so-called "traditional populations" in Brazil. In this context, these populations are supposed to demonstrate to have an “ecological identity”, that is, a harmonious connection with a specific natural environment. I propose the concept of “ecological identity” to highlight how this kind of identity claim can become a political tool to gain both access to new rights and recognition of cultural specificity by a specific social group. In particular, I will consider the case of the extractive reserves, tracing their origins and developments through an ethnographic analysis of the struggle waged by the Afro-Brazilian community of Frechal against the local landowner. In fact, in order to obtain the creation of an extractive reserve, they reshaped their livelihood and ethno-cultural rights claims in an environmental fashion. Finally, I will propose a reflection on the critical elements underlying this "ecologization" of "traditional populations". I will suggest that this process may paradoxically legitimize a depoliticized image of these social groups. This means that if the acquisition of rights seems to be linked to the recognition of a “biological" relation between human communities and the natural environment, "traditional populations" will risk not to be fully recognized as collective subjects with their own political agency and cultural specificity
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
traditional populations; environment; rights; Brazil; anthropology
Italian
113
144
32
Tassan, M. (2016). Identità “ecologiche” e aree protette: una prospettiva antropologica sulle lotte per i diritti delle “popolazioni tradizionali” in Brasile. PALAVER, 5(2), 113-144 [10.1285/i22804250v5i2p113].
Tassan, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/173545
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