Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is administered to patients to maintain the airway at a selected pressure (usually named the positive end-expiratory pressure, PEEP) higher than that of the atmosphere one. PEEP application has several well-known effects on the respiratory system and hemodynamics, whose description is not among the aims of this chapter. The applied pressure is kept constant throughout the whole respiratory cycle so that intrapulmonary pressure swings around the set level. Patients can breath spontaneously at the selected pressure without any active support of inspiration; it follows that CPAP cannot be strictly considered a form of ventilation. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Bellani, G., Isgro', S., & Fumagalli, R. (2010). Helmet continuous positive airway pressure: theory and technology. In A.M. Esquinas (a cura di), Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications (pp. 7-12). Berlin : Springer-Verlag [10.1007/978-3-642-11365-9_2].

Helmet continuous positive airway pressure: theory and technology

BELLANI, GIACOMO
;
ISGRO', STEFANO;FUMAGALLI, ROBERTO
2010

Abstract

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is administered to patients to maintain the airway at a selected pressure (usually named the positive end-expiratory pressure, PEEP) higher than that of the atmosphere one. PEEP application has several well-known effects on the respiratory system and hemodynamics, whose description is not among the aims of this chapter. The applied pressure is kept constant throughout the whole respiratory cycle so that intrapulmonary pressure swings around the set level. Patients can breath spontaneously at the selected pressure without any active support of inspiration; it follows that CPAP cannot be strictly considered a form of ventilation. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
No
Scientifica
Capitolo o saggio
HELMET; CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE; ACUTE RESPIRATORY FAILURE
English
Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications
978-3-642-11364-2
Bellani, G., Isgro', S., & Fumagalli, R. (2010). Helmet continuous positive airway pressure: theory and technology. In A.M. Esquinas (a cura di), Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications (pp. 7-12). Berlin : Springer-Verlag [10.1007/978-3-642-11365-9_2].
Bellani, G; Isgro', S; Fumagalli, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/17143
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