For many, obesity is just a problem of energy input and expenditure: more energy input than expenditure. However, the clinical practice and epidemiological data clearly show that weight control is more complex than expected by this simple equation. This is particularly true in morbid obesity, a form of severe obesity in which a person’s Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m2) is over 40. If we compare the definitions and diagnostic criteria for “dependence” and “addiction” with the situation of many severe obese subjects, it is apparent that they match very well. Further, different neurological studies confirm this similarity: both addiction and obesity patients have a deficiency of dopamine receptors. Nevertheless, when we compare many of the actual obesity treatments with the ones used in the area of addictions it is possi- ble to find relevant differences: obesity treatments neither consider different levels of type and intensity of care, nor a multidimensional approach. To overcome these limitations, in this paper we propose a bio-psychosocial approach—Experiential Cognitive Therapy—in which the genetic influence (lack of dopamine receptors) is matched by psychosocial issues (pres- sure for thinness and diet as main body image dissatisfaction treatment). Further, the paper outlines how this approach may influence the treatment options, by focusing both on the lessons coming from actual addiction treatment and the opportunities offered by virtual real- ity. Finally, the paper presents and discusses the outcome of a controlled trial, based on the proposed approach, including a 6-month follow-up (211 morbid obese females with a BMI of >40 and a documented history of failures)

Riva, G., Bacchetta, M., Cesa, G., Conti, S., Castelnuovo, G., Mantovani, F., et al. (2006). Is severe obesity a form of addiction?: Rationale, clinical approach, and controlled clinical trial. CYBERPSYCHOLOGY & BEHAVIOR, 9(4), 457-479 [10.1089/cpb.2006.9.457].

Is severe obesity a form of addiction?: Rationale, clinical approach, and controlled clinical trial

MANTOVANI, FABRIZIA;
2006

Abstract

For many, obesity is just a problem of energy input and expenditure: more energy input than expenditure. However, the clinical practice and epidemiological data clearly show that weight control is more complex than expected by this simple equation. This is particularly true in morbid obesity, a form of severe obesity in which a person’s Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m2) is over 40. If we compare the definitions and diagnostic criteria for “dependence” and “addiction” with the situation of many severe obese subjects, it is apparent that they match very well. Further, different neurological studies confirm this similarity: both addiction and obesity patients have a deficiency of dopamine receptors. Nevertheless, when we compare many of the actual obesity treatments with the ones used in the area of addictions it is possi- ble to find relevant differences: obesity treatments neither consider different levels of type and intensity of care, nor a multidimensional approach. To overcome these limitations, in this paper we propose a bio-psychosocial approach—Experiential Cognitive Therapy—in which the genetic influence (lack of dopamine receptors) is matched by psychosocial issues (pres- sure for thinness and diet as main body image dissatisfaction treatment). Further, the paper outlines how this approach may influence the treatment options, by focusing both on the lessons coming from actual addiction treatment and the opportunities offered by virtual real- ity. Finally, the paper presents and discusses the outcome of a controlled trial, based on the proposed approach, including a 6-month follow-up (211 morbid obese females with a BMI of >40 and a documented history of failures)
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
obesity, addiction, clinical approach
English
457
479
23
Riva, G., Bacchetta, M., Cesa, G., Conti, S., Castelnuovo, G., Mantovani, F., et al. (2006). Is severe obesity a form of addiction?: Rationale, clinical approach, and controlled clinical trial. CYBERPSYCHOLOGY & BEHAVIOR, 9(4), 457-479 [10.1089/cpb.2006.9.457].
Riva, G; Bacchetta, M; Cesa, G; Conti, S; Castelnuovo, G; Mantovani, F; Molinari, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/14329
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