This study evaluated genetic and DNA methylation alteration induced by potassium dichromate in Brassica napus L. plants. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and selective amplification of polymorphic loci (SAMPL) tests revealed dose-related increases in sequence alterations in plantlets exposed to 10–200 mg/l potassium dichromate. Individual plantlets exposed to chromium under similar conditions showed different AFLP and SAMPL DNA profiles. These observations suggest random DNA mutation in response to potassium dichromate and argue against preferential sites for mutation. DNA methylation changes in response to chromium treatment were also evaluated. Two complementary approaches were applied: (i) immunolabelling, using a monoclonal antibody against 5-methylcytosine; and (ii) methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP). Immunolabelling showed cytosine-hypermethylation in the Brassica napus L. genome when plants were treated with potassium dichromate. MSAP analysis showed extensive methylation changes in CCGG-sequences, with the net result being genome-wide hypermethylation. These results showed a clear DNA alteration in plants as a response to chromium exposure and the effect was dose-dependent. DNA polymorphism detected by different markers supports the effectiveness of the use of these tools for the investigation of environmental toxicology and for evaluating the concentration of pollutants by DNA analysis in plants

Labra, M., Grassi, F., Imazio, S., Di Fabio, T., Citterio, S., Sgorbati, S., et al. (2004). Genetic and DNA-methylation changes induced by potassium dichromate in Brassica napus L. CHEMOSPHERE, 54, 1049-1058 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2003.10.024].

Genetic and DNA-methylation changes induced by potassium dichromate in Brassica napus L

LABRA, MASSIMO;Grassi, F;CITTERIO, SANDRA;SGORBATI, SERGIO;
2004

Abstract

This study evaluated genetic and DNA methylation alteration induced by potassium dichromate in Brassica napus L. plants. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and selective amplification of polymorphic loci (SAMPL) tests revealed dose-related increases in sequence alterations in plantlets exposed to 10–200 mg/l potassium dichromate. Individual plantlets exposed to chromium under similar conditions showed different AFLP and SAMPL DNA profiles. These observations suggest random DNA mutation in response to potassium dichromate and argue against preferential sites for mutation. DNA methylation changes in response to chromium treatment were also evaluated. Two complementary approaches were applied: (i) immunolabelling, using a monoclonal antibody against 5-methylcytosine; and (ii) methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP). Immunolabelling showed cytosine-hypermethylation in the Brassica napus L. genome when plants were treated with potassium dichromate. MSAP analysis showed extensive methylation changes in CCGG-sequences, with the net result being genome-wide hypermethylation. These results showed a clear DNA alteration in plants as a response to chromium exposure and the effect was dose-dependent. DNA polymorphism detected by different markers supports the effectiveness of the use of these tools for the investigation of environmental toxicology and for evaluating the concentration of pollutants by DNA analysis in plants
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Chromium; DNA-methylation; AFLP; SAMPL; MSAP; Genotoxicity
English
1049
1058
Labra, M., Grassi, F., Imazio, S., Di Fabio, T., Citterio, S., Sgorbati, S., et al. (2004). Genetic and DNA-methylation changes induced by potassium dichromate in Brassica napus L. CHEMOSPHERE, 54, 1049-1058 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2003.10.024].
Labra, M; Grassi, F; Imazio, S; Di Fabio, T; Citterio, S; Sgorbati, S; Agradi, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/14009
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