As shown by genomic studies, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a highly heterogeneous disease, where copy number alterations (CNAs) may greatly vary among different patients. To explore whether CNAs may be present also in histologically normal tissues from patients affected by CRC, we performed CGH + SNP Microarray on 15 paired tumoral and normal samples. Here, we report for the first time the occurrence of CNAs as a common feature of the histologically normal tissue from CRC patients, particularly CNAs affecting different oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes, including some not previously reported in CRC and others known as being involved in tumor progression. Moreover, from the comparison of normal vs paired tumoral tissue, we were able to identify three groups: samples with an increased number of CNAs in tumoral vs normal tissue, samples with a similar number of CNAs in both tissues, and samples with a decrease of CNAs in tumoral vs normal tissue, which may be likely due to a selection of the cell population within the tumor. In conclusion, our approach allowed us to uncover for the first time an unexpected frequency of genetic alteration in normal tissue, suggesting that tumorigenic genetic lesions are already present in histologically normal colonic tissue and that the use in array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) studies of normal samples as reference for the paired tumors can lead to misrepresented genomic data, which may be incomplete or limited, especially if used for the research of target molecules for personalized therapy and for the possible correlation with clinical outcome.

CONCONI, D., REDAELLI, S., Bovo, G., LEONE, B., Filippi, E., Ambrosiani, L., et al. (2016). Unexpected frequency of genomic alterations in histologically normal colonic tissue from colon cancer patients. TUMOR BIOLOGY, 37(10), 13831-13842 [10.1007/s13277-016-5181-0].

Unexpected frequency of genomic alterations in histologically normal colonic tissue from colon cancer patients

CONCONI, DONATELLA
;
REDAELLI, SERENA
Secondo
;
LEONE, BIAGIO EUGENIO;CERRITO, MARIA GRAZIA;GRASSILLI, EMANUELA;GIOVANNONI, ROBERTO;DALPRA', LEDA
Penultimo
;
LAVITRANO, MARIALUISA
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

As shown by genomic studies, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a highly heterogeneous disease, where copy number alterations (CNAs) may greatly vary among different patients. To explore whether CNAs may be present also in histologically normal tissues from patients affected by CRC, we performed CGH + SNP Microarray on 15 paired tumoral and normal samples. Here, we report for the first time the occurrence of CNAs as a common feature of the histologically normal tissue from CRC patients, particularly CNAs affecting different oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes, including some not previously reported in CRC and others known as being involved in tumor progression. Moreover, from the comparison of normal vs paired tumoral tissue, we were able to identify three groups: samples with an increased number of CNAs in tumoral vs normal tissue, samples with a similar number of CNAs in both tissues, and samples with a decrease of CNAs in tumoral vs normal tissue, which may be likely due to a selection of the cell population within the tumor. In conclusion, our approach allowed us to uncover for the first time an unexpected frequency of genetic alteration in normal tissue, suggesting that tumorigenic genetic lesions are already present in histologically normal colonic tissue and that the use in array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) studies of normal samples as reference for the paired tumors can lead to misrepresented genomic data, which may be incomplete or limited, especially if used for the research of target molecules for personalized therapy and for the possible correlation with clinical outcome.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Colorectal cancer; Copy number alterations; Histologically normal tissue; Precancerous conditions;
Colorectal cancer; Copy number alterations; Histologically normal tissue; Precancerous conditions; Medicine (all); Cancer Research
English
CONCONI, D., REDAELLI, S., Bovo, G., LEONE, B., Filippi, E., Ambrosiani, L., et al. (2016). Unexpected frequency of genomic alterations in histologically normal colonic tissue from colon cancer patients. TUMOR BIOLOGY, 37(10), 13831-13842 [10.1007/s13277-016-5181-0].
Conconi, D; Redaelli, S; Bovo, G; Leone, B; Filippi, E; Ambrosiani, L; Cerrito, M; Grassilli, E; Giovannoni, R; Dalpra', L; Lavitrano, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/132760
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