The study compared performance of children with high levels of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 22), children with ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD; n = 19), and a control group (n = 20) on a Go–No-go test in a self-paced and computer-paced condition. Each condition, in turn, was run in a reward and a nonreward condition. The children were recruited through screening of a school population without ADHD or ODD (N = 450). Findings indicated that children having high levels of ADHD plus ODD showed poor impulse control in all 4 conditions. No poor impulse control was found in the group with high levels of ADHD. This group demonstrated slower RTs across the computer-paced conditions. Findings were discussed in terms of the response-inhibition hypothesis, as formulated by Barkley (1997), the delay-aversion theory (Sonuga-Barke, 1995), and the state-regulation theory (Van der Meere, 2002).

Van der Meere, J., Marzocchi, G., De Meo, T. (2005). Response Inhibition and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With and Without Oppositional Defiant Disorder Screened From a Community Sample. DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 28(1), 459-472 [10.1207/s15326942dn2801_1].

Response Inhibition and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With and Without Oppositional Defiant Disorder Screened From a Community Sample

MARZOCCHI, GIAN MARCO;
2005

Abstract

The study compared performance of children with high levels of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 22), children with ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD; n = 19), and a control group (n = 20) on a Go–No-go test in a self-paced and computer-paced condition. Each condition, in turn, was run in a reward and a nonreward condition. The children were recruited through screening of a school population without ADHD or ODD (N = 450). Findings indicated that children having high levels of ADHD plus ODD showed poor impulse control in all 4 conditions. No poor impulse control was found in the group with high levels of ADHD. This group demonstrated slower RTs across the computer-paced conditions. Findings were discussed in terms of the response-inhibition hypothesis, as formulated by Barkley (1997), the delay-aversion theory (Sonuga-Barke, 1995), and the state-regulation theory (Van der Meere, 2002).
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
response inhibition; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; oppositional defiant disorder; children
English
459
472
Van der Meere, J., Marzocchi, G., De Meo, T. (2005). Response Inhibition and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With and Without Oppositional Defiant Disorder Screened From a Community Sample. DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 28(1), 459-472 [10.1207/s15326942dn2801_1].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/1106
Citazioni
  • Scopus 46
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 44
Social impact