The study compared performance of children with high levels of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 22), children with ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD; n = 19), and a control group (n = 20) on a Go–No-go test in a self-paced and computer-paced condition. Each condition, in turn, was run in a reward and a nonreward condition. The children were recruited through screening of a school population without ADHD or ODD (N = 450). Findings indicated that children having high levels of ADHD plus ODD showed poor impulse control in all 4 conditions. No poor impulse control was found in the group with high levels of ADHD. This group demonstrated slower RTs across the computer-paced conditions. Findings were discussed in terms of the response-inhibition hypothesis, as formulated by Barkley (1997), the delay-aversion theory (Sonuga-Barke, 1995), and the state-regulation theory (Van der Meere, 2002).

Van der Meere, J., Marzocchi, G., & De Meo, T. (2005). Response Inhibition and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With and Without Oppositional Defiant Disorder Screened From a Community Sample. DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 28(1), 459-472 [10.1207/s15326942dn2801_1].

Response Inhibition and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With and Without Oppositional Defiant Disorder Screened From a Community Sample

MARZOCCHI, GIAN MARCO;
2005

Abstract

The study compared performance of children with high levels of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 22), children with ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD; n = 19), and a control group (n = 20) on a Go–No-go test in a self-paced and computer-paced condition. Each condition, in turn, was run in a reward and a nonreward condition. The children were recruited through screening of a school population without ADHD or ODD (N = 450). Findings indicated that children having high levels of ADHD plus ODD showed poor impulse control in all 4 conditions. No poor impulse control was found in the group with high levels of ADHD. This group demonstrated slower RTs across the computer-paced conditions. Findings were discussed in terms of the response-inhibition hypothesis, as formulated by Barkley (1997), the delay-aversion theory (Sonuga-Barke, 1995), and the state-regulation theory (Van der Meere, 2002).
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
response inhibition; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; oppositional defiant disorder; children
English
459
472
Van der Meere, J., Marzocchi, G., & De Meo, T. (2005). Response Inhibition and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With and Without Oppositional Defiant Disorder Screened From a Community Sample. DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 28(1), 459-472 [10.1207/s15326942dn2801_1].
Van der Meere, J; Marzocchi, G; De Meo, T
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/1106
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