Summary: Bisphosphonate treatment is used to prevent bone fractures. A controversial association of bisphosphonate use and risk of atrial fibrillation has been reported. In our study, current alendronate users were associated with a higher risk of atrial fibrillation as compared with those who had stopped bisphosphonate (BP) therapy for more than 1 year.Introduction: Bisphosphonates are widely used to prevent bone fractures. Controversial findings regarding the association between bisphosphonate use and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of AF in association with BP exposure.Methods: We performed a nested case-control study using the databases of drug-dispensing and hospital discharge diagnoses from five Italian regions. The data cover a period ranging from July 1, 2003 to December 31, 2006. The study population comprised new users of bisphosphonates aged 55 years and older. Patients were followed from the first BP prescription until an occurrence of an AF diagnosis (index date, i.e., ID), cancer, death, or the end of the study period, whichever came first. For the risk estimation, any AF case was matched by age and sex to up to 10 controls from the same source population. A conditional logistic regression was performed to obtain the odds ratio with 95 % confidence intervals (CI). The BP exposure was classified into current (<90 days prior to ID), recent (91–180), past (181–364), and distant past (≥365) use, with the latter category being used as a reference point. A subgroup analysis by individual BP was then carried out.Results: In comparison with distant past users of BP, current users of BP showed an almost twofold increased risk of AF: odds ratio (OR) = 1.78 and 95 % CI = 1.46–2.16. Specifically, alendronate users were mostly associated with AF as compared with distant past use of BP (OR, 1.97; 95 % CI, 1.59–2.43).Conclusion: In our nested case-control study, current users of BP are associated with a higher risk of atrial fibrillation as compared with those who had stopped BP treatment for more than 1 year.

Herrera, L., Leal, I., Lapi, F., Schuemie, M., Arcoraci, V., Cipriani, F., et al. (2015). Risk of atrial fibrillation among bisphosphonate users: a multicenter, population-based, Italian study. OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL, 26(5), 1499-1506 [10.1007/s00198-014-3020-y].

Risk of atrial fibrillation among bisphosphonate users: a multicenter, population-based, Italian study

CORRAO, GIOVANNI;ZAMBON, ANTONELLA;Mazzaglia, G;
2015

Abstract

Summary: Bisphosphonate treatment is used to prevent bone fractures. A controversial association of bisphosphonate use and risk of atrial fibrillation has been reported. In our study, current alendronate users were associated with a higher risk of atrial fibrillation as compared with those who had stopped bisphosphonate (BP) therapy for more than 1 year.Introduction: Bisphosphonates are widely used to prevent bone fractures. Controversial findings regarding the association between bisphosphonate use and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of AF in association with BP exposure.Methods: We performed a nested case-control study using the databases of drug-dispensing and hospital discharge diagnoses from five Italian regions. The data cover a period ranging from July 1, 2003 to December 31, 2006. The study population comprised new users of bisphosphonates aged 55 years and older. Patients were followed from the first BP prescription until an occurrence of an AF diagnosis (index date, i.e., ID), cancer, death, or the end of the study period, whichever came first. For the risk estimation, any AF case was matched by age and sex to up to 10 controls from the same source population. A conditional logistic regression was performed to obtain the odds ratio with 95 % confidence intervals (CI). The BP exposure was classified into current (<90 days prior to ID), recent (91–180), past (181–364), and distant past (≥365) use, with the latter category being used as a reference point. A subgroup analysis by individual BP was then carried out.Results: In comparison with distant past users of BP, current users of BP showed an almost twofold increased risk of AF: odds ratio (OR) = 1.78 and 95 % CI = 1.46–2.16. Specifically, alendronate users were mostly associated with AF as compared with distant past use of BP (OR, 1.97; 95 % CI, 1.59–2.43).Conclusion: In our nested case-control study, current users of BP are associated with a higher risk of atrial fibrillation as compared with those who had stopped BP treatment for more than 1 year.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Alendronate; Atrial fibrillation; Bisphosphonates; Nested case-control study; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
English
1499
1506
8
Herrera, L., Leal, I., Lapi, F., Schuemie, M., Arcoraci, V., Cipriani, F., et al. (2015). Risk of atrial fibrillation among bisphosphonate users: a multicenter, population-based, Italian study. OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL, 26(5), 1499-1506 [10.1007/s00198-014-3020-y].
Herrera, L; Leal, I; Lapi, F; Schuemie, M; Arcoraci, V; Cipriani, F; Sessa, E; Vaccheri, A; Piccinni, C; Staniscia, T; Vestri, A; Di Bari, M; Corrao, G; Zambon, A; Gregori, D; Carle, F; Sturkenboom, M; Mazzaglia, G; Trifiro, G
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2015 Osteoporosis Int.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia di allegato: Publisher’s Version (Version of Record, VoR)
Dimensione 295.19 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
295.19 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/99815
Citazioni
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
Social impact