Circannual rhythms often rely on endogenous seasonal photoperiodic timers involving 'clock' genes, and Clock gene polymorphism has been associated to variation in phenology in some bird species. In the long-distance migratory barn swallow Hirundo rustica, individuals bearing the rare Clock allele with the largest number of C-terminal polyglutamine repeats found in this species (Q8) show a delayed reproduction and moult later. We explored the association between Clock polymorphism and migration scheduling, as gauged by light-level geolocators, in two barn swallow populations (Switzerland; Po Plain, Italy). Genetic polymorphism was low: 91% of the 64 individuals tracked year-round were Q7/Q7 homozygotes. We compared the phenology of the rare genotypes with the phenotypic distribution of Q7/Q7 homozygotes within each population. In Switzerland, compared to Q7/Q7, two Q6/Q7 males departed earlier from the wintering grounds and arrived earlier to their colony in spring, while a single Q7/Q8 female was delayed for both phenophases. On the other hand, in the Po Plain, three Q6/Q7 individuals had a similar phenology compared to Q7/Q7. The Swiss data are suggestive for a role of genetic polymorphism at a candidate phenological gene in shaping migration traits, and support the idea that Clock polymorphism underlies phenological variation in birds.

Bazzi, G., Ambrosini, R., Caprioli, M., Costanzo, A., Liechti, F., Gatti, E., et al. (2015). Clock gene polymorphism and scheduling of migration: A geolocator study of the barn swallow Hirundo rustica. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 5 [10.1038/srep12443].

Clock gene polymorphism and scheduling of migration: A geolocator study of the barn swallow Hirundo rustica

AMBROSINI, ROBERTO
Secondo
;
2015

Abstract

Circannual rhythms often rely on endogenous seasonal photoperiodic timers involving 'clock' genes, and Clock gene polymorphism has been associated to variation in phenology in some bird species. In the long-distance migratory barn swallow Hirundo rustica, individuals bearing the rare Clock allele with the largest number of C-terminal polyglutamine repeats found in this species (Q8) show a delayed reproduction and moult later. We explored the association between Clock polymorphism and migration scheduling, as gauged by light-level geolocators, in two barn swallow populations (Switzerland; Po Plain, Italy). Genetic polymorphism was low: 91% of the 64 individuals tracked year-round were Q7/Q7 homozygotes. We compared the phenology of the rare genotypes with the phenotypic distribution of Q7/Q7 homozygotes within each population. In Switzerland, compared to Q7/Q7, two Q6/Q7 males departed earlier from the wintering grounds and arrived earlier to their colony in spring, while a single Q7/Q8 female was delayed for both phenophases. On the other hand, in the Po Plain, three Q6/Q7 individuals had a similar phenology compared to Q7/Q7. The Swiss data are suggestive for a role of genetic polymorphism at a candidate phenological gene in shaping migration traits, and support the idea that Clock polymorphism underlies phenological variation in birds.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Multidisciplinary
English
Bazzi, G., Ambrosini, R., Caprioli, M., Costanzo, A., Liechti, F., Gatti, E., et al. (2015). Clock gene polymorphism and scheduling of migration: A geolocator study of the barn swallow Hirundo rustica. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 5 [10.1038/srep12443].
Bazzi, G; Ambrosini, R; Caprioli, M; Costanzo, A; Liechti, F; Gatti, E; Gianfranceschi, L; Podofillini, S; Romano, A; Romano, M; Scandolara, C; Saino, N; Rubolini, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/96497
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