Purpose: Urinary extracellular vesicles (UEVs) are a novel source for disease biomarker discovery. However, Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) is still a challenge for proteomic analysis since it can inhibit detection of low-abundance proteins. Here, we introduce a new approach that does not involve an ultracentrifugation step to enrich vesicles and that reduces the amount of THP to manageable levels. Experimental design: UEVs were dialyzed and ultrafiltered after reduction and alkylation. The retained fraction was digested with trypsin to reduce the remaining THP and incubated with deoxycholate (DOC). The internal peptidome and internal proteome were analyzed by LC-ESI-MS. Results: A total of 942 different proteins and 3115 unique endogenous peptide fragments deriving from 973 different protein isoforms were identified. Around 82% of the key endosomal sorting complex required for transport components of UEVs generation could be detected from the intraluminal content. Conclusions and clinical relevance: Our UEVs preparation protocol provides a simplified way to investigate the intraluminal proteome and peptidome, in particular the subpopulation of UEVs of the trypsin-resistant class of exosomes (positive for tumor susceptibility gene101) and eliminates the majority of interfering proteins such as THP. This method allows the possibility to study endoproteome and endopeptidome of UEVs, thus greatly facilitating biomarker discovery.

Liu, X., Chinello, C., Musante, L., Cazzaniga, M., Tataruch, D., Calzaferri, G., et al. (2015). Intraluminal proteome and peptidome of human urinary extracellular vesicles. PROTEOMICS. CLINICAL APPLICATIONS, 9(5-6), 568-573 [10.1002/prca.201400085].

Intraluminal proteome and peptidome of human urinary extracellular vesicles

CHINELLO, CLIZIA
Secondo
;
CAZZANIGA, MARTA;SMITH, ANDREW JAMES;DE SIO, GABRIELE;MAGNI, FULVIO
;
2015

Abstract

Purpose: Urinary extracellular vesicles (UEVs) are a novel source for disease biomarker discovery. However, Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) is still a challenge for proteomic analysis since it can inhibit detection of low-abundance proteins. Here, we introduce a new approach that does not involve an ultracentrifugation step to enrich vesicles and that reduces the amount of THP to manageable levels. Experimental design: UEVs were dialyzed and ultrafiltered after reduction and alkylation. The retained fraction was digested with trypsin to reduce the remaining THP and incubated with deoxycholate (DOC). The internal peptidome and internal proteome were analyzed by LC-ESI-MS. Results: A total of 942 different proteins and 3115 unique endogenous peptide fragments deriving from 973 different protein isoforms were identified. Around 82% of the key endosomal sorting complex required for transport components of UEVs generation could be detected from the intraluminal content. Conclusions and clinical relevance: Our UEVs preparation protocol provides a simplified way to investigate the intraluminal proteome and peptidome, in particular the subpopulation of UEVs of the trypsin-resistant class of exosomes (positive for tumor susceptibility gene101) and eliminates the majority of interfering proteins such as THP. This method allows the possibility to study endoproteome and endopeptidome of UEVs, thus greatly facilitating biomarker discovery.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Exosome; Peptidome; Proteome; Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein; Urinary extracellular vesicles
English
Liu, X., Chinello, C., Musante, L., Cazzaniga, M., Tataruch, D., Calzaferri, G., et al. (2015). Intraluminal proteome and peptidome of human urinary extracellular vesicles. PROTEOMICS. CLINICAL APPLICATIONS, 9(5-6), 568-573 [10.1002/prca.201400085].
Liu, X; Chinello, C; Musante, L; Cazzaniga, M; Tataruch, D; Calzaferri, G; Smith, A; DE SIO, G; Magni, F; Zou, H; Holthofer, H
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/95400
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