The sympathetic overdrive that characterizes essential hypertension is potentiated when left ventricular hypertrophy or congestive heart failure is detected. No information exists, however, on whether this is the case also for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. In 17 untreated hypertensive subjects with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (age: 47.7±2.9 years, mean±SEM), we measured sympathetic nerve traffic (microneurography), heart rate (ECG), and beat-to-beat arterial blood pressure (Finapres) at rest and during baroreceptor deactivation and stimulation. Data were compared with those collected in 20 age-matched normotensive and 20 hypertensive subjects without a diastolic function impairment. Muscle sympathetic nerve traffic values were markedly and significantly greater in the 2 hypertensive groups than in the normotensive one (55.3± 1.2 and 71.2± 1.6 versus 41.7±1.0 bursts per 100 heartbeats, respectively; P<0.01 for both). For a similar blood pressure elevation, however, the sympathetic nerve traffic increase was significantly greater in patients with than without left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (+28.9%; P<0.05). In the population as a whole, muscle sympathetic nerve traffic was significantly and inversely related to various echocardio-graphic indices of diastolic function. Although baroreflex-heart rate control was significantly attenuated in the 2 hypertensive groups, baroreflex-sympathetic modulation was impaired only in those with diastolic dysfunction. These data provide the first evidence that, in hypertension, activation of the sympathetic nervous system may contribute not only at the blood pressure elevation but also at the development of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The sympathetic overactivity, which is likely to be related to the baroreflex impairment, may account for the increased cardiovascular risk characterizing diastolic dysfunction. © 2009 American Heart Association, Inc.

Grassi, G., Seravalle, G., QUARTI TREVANO, F., Dell'Oro, R., Arenare, F., Spaziani, D., et al. (2009). Sympathetic and baroreflex cardiovascular control in hypertension-related left ventricular dysfunction. HYPERTENSION, 53, 205-209 [10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.121467].

Sympathetic and baroreflex cardiovascular control in hypertension-related left ventricular dysfunction

GRASSI, GUIDO;QUARTI TREVANO, FOSCA ANNA LUISA;DELL'ORO, RAFFAELLA;ARENARE, FRANCESCA;MANCIA, GIUSEPPE
2009

Abstract

The sympathetic overdrive that characterizes essential hypertension is potentiated when left ventricular hypertrophy or congestive heart failure is detected. No information exists, however, on whether this is the case also for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. In 17 untreated hypertensive subjects with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (age: 47.7±2.9 years, mean±SEM), we measured sympathetic nerve traffic (microneurography), heart rate (ECG), and beat-to-beat arterial blood pressure (Finapres) at rest and during baroreceptor deactivation and stimulation. Data were compared with those collected in 20 age-matched normotensive and 20 hypertensive subjects without a diastolic function impairment. Muscle sympathetic nerve traffic values were markedly and significantly greater in the 2 hypertensive groups than in the normotensive one (55.3± 1.2 and 71.2± 1.6 versus 41.7±1.0 bursts per 100 heartbeats, respectively; P<0.01 for both). For a similar blood pressure elevation, however, the sympathetic nerve traffic increase was significantly greater in patients with than without left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (+28.9%; P<0.05). In the population as a whole, muscle sympathetic nerve traffic was significantly and inversely related to various echocardio-graphic indices of diastolic function. Although baroreflex-heart rate control was significantly attenuated in the 2 hypertensive groups, baroreflex-sympathetic modulation was impaired only in those with diastolic dysfunction. These data provide the first evidence that, in hypertension, activation of the sympathetic nervous system may contribute not only at the blood pressure elevation but also at the development of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The sympathetic overactivity, which is likely to be related to the baroreflex impairment, may account for the increased cardiovascular risk characterizing diastolic dysfunction. © 2009 American Heart Association, Inc.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
left ventricular hypertrophy; Sympathetic activity; CV Control
English
205
209
Grassi, G., Seravalle, G., QUARTI TREVANO, F., Dell'Oro, R., Arenare, F., Spaziani, D., et al. (2009). Sympathetic and baroreflex cardiovascular control in hypertension-related left ventricular dysfunction. HYPERTENSION, 53, 205-209 [10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.121467].
Grassi, G; Seravalle, G; QUARTI TREVANO, F; Dell'Oro, R; Arenare, F; Spaziani, D; Mancia, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/9211
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