Concepts play a central part in the formulation of problems and proposed solutions to the use of substances. This article reports the initial results from a cross European historical study, carried out to a common methodology, of the language of addiction and policy responses in two key periods, 1860–1930 and the 1950s and 1960s. It concludes that the language of addiction was varied and nonstandard in the first period. The Anglo-American model of inebriety did not apply across Europe but there was a common focus on theories of heredity and national degeneration. After World War II, there was a more homogenous language but still distinct national differences in emphasis and national interests and policy responses to different substances. More research will be needed to deepen understanding of the conditions under which these changes took place and the social and policy appeal of disease theories.

Berridge, V., Mold, A., Beccaria, F., Eisenbach Stangl, I., Herczy ska, G., Moskalewicz, J., et al. (2014). Addiction in Europe, 1860s-1960s: Concepts and Responses in Italy, Poland, Austria, and the United Kingdom. CONTEMPORARY DRUG PROBLEMS, 41(4), 551-566 [10.1177/0091450914567119].

Addiction in Europe, 1860s-1960s: Concepts and Responses in Italy, Poland, Austria, and the United Kingdom

PETRILLI, ENRICO
Penultimo
;
2014

Abstract

Concepts play a central part in the formulation of problems and proposed solutions to the use of substances. This article reports the initial results from a cross European historical study, carried out to a common methodology, of the language of addiction and policy responses in two key periods, 1860–1930 and the 1950s and 1960s. It concludes that the language of addiction was varied and nonstandard in the first period. The Anglo-American model of inebriety did not apply across Europe but there was a common focus on theories of heredity and national degeneration. After World War II, there was a more homogenous language but still distinct national differences in emphasis and national interests and policy responses to different substances. More research will be needed to deepen understanding of the conditions under which these changes took place and the social and policy appeal of disease theories.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
addiction concepts; policy history; alcohol and other drugs; tobacco
English
551
566
16
Berridge, V., Mold, A., Beccaria, F., Eisenbach Stangl, I., Herczy ska, G., Moskalewicz, J., et al. (2014). Addiction in Europe, 1860s-1960s: Concepts and Responses in Italy, Poland, Austria, and the United Kingdom. CONTEMPORARY DRUG PROBLEMS, 41(4), 551-566 [10.1177/0091450914567119].
Berridge, V; Mold, A; Beccaria, F; Eisenbach Stangl, I; Herczy ska, G; Moskalewicz, J; Petrilli, E; Taylor, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/90924
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