AIM: To evaluate the impact of mesalamine administration on inflammatory response in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. METHODS: We conducted a single centre retrospective cohort study on patients admitted to our surgical department between January 2012 and May 2014 with a computed tomography -confirmed diagnosis of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. A total of 50 patients were included in the analysis, 20 (study group) had received 3.2 g/d of mesalamine starting from the day of admission in addition to the usual standard treatment, 30 (control group) had received standard therapy alone. Data was retrieved from a prospective database. Our primary study endpoints were: C reactive protein mean levels over time and their variation from baseline (ΔCRP) over the first three days of treatment. Secondary end points included: mean white blood cell and neutrophile count over time, time before regaining of regular bowel movements (passing of stools), time before reintroduction of food intake, intensity of lower abdominal pain over time, analgesic consumption and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Patients characteristics and inflammatory parameters were similar at baseline in the two groups. The evaluation of CRP levels over time showed, in treated patients, a distinct trend towards a faster decrease compared to controls. This difference approached statistical significance on day 2 (mean CRP 6.0 +/- 4.2 mg/dl and 10.0 +/- 6.7 mg/dl respectively in study group vs controls, P = 0.055). ΔCRP evaluation evidenced a significantly greater increment of this inflammatory marker in the control group on day 1 (P = 0.03). A similar trend towards a faster resolution of inflammation was observed evaluating the total white blood cell count. Neutrophile levels were significantly lower in treated patients on day 2 and on day 3 (P < 0.05 for both comparisons). Mesalamine administration was also associated with an earlier reintroduction of food intake (median 1.5 d and 3 d, study group vs controls respectively, P < 0.001) and with a shorter hospital stay (median 5 d and 5.5 d, study group vs controls respectively, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Despite its limitations, this study suggests that mesalamine may allow for a faster recovery and for a reduction of inflammatory response in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis.
Nespoli, L., Lo Bianco, G., Uggeri, F., Romano, F., Nespoli, A., Bernasconi, D., et al. (2015). Effect of oral mesalamine on inflammatory response in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, 21(27), 8366-8372 [10.3748/wjg.v21.i27.8366].
|Citazione:||Nespoli, L., Lo Bianco, G., Uggeri, F., Romano, F., Nespoli, A., Bernasconi, D., et al. (2015). Effect of oral mesalamine on inflammatory response in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, 21(27), 8366-8372 [10.3748/wjg.v21.i27.8366].|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Effect of oral mesalamine on inflammatory response in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis|
|Autori:||Nespoli, L; Lo Bianco, G; Uggeri, F; Romano, F; Nespoli, A; Bernasconi, D; Gianotti, L|
NESPOLI, LUCA CARLO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||WORLD JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v21.i27.8366|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|