In this work we investigate subcellular localization and proteolytic cleavage of different forms of ataxin-3 (AT-3), the protein responsible for spinocerebellar ataxia type 3. Normal (AT-3Q6 and AT-3Q26) and pathological (AT-3Q72) ataxins-3, as well as two truncated forms lacking poly-Q, were studied. Full-length proteins were also expressed as C14A mutants, in order to assess whether AT-3 autoproteolytic activity was involved in its fragmentation. We found that both normal and pathological proteins localized in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus, as expected, but also in the mitochondria. Microsequencing showed that all ataxins-3 underwent the same proteolytic cleavage, removing the first 27 aminoacids. Interestingly, while normal ataxins were further cleaved at a number of caspase sites, pathological AT-3 was proteolyzed to a much lesser extent. This may play a role in the pathogenesis, hampering degradation of aggregation-prone expanded AT-3. In addition, autolytic cleavage was apparently not involved in AT-3 proteolysis. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Pozzi, C., Valtorta, M., Tedeschi, G., Galbusera, E., Pastori, V., Bigi, A., et al. (2008). Study of subcellular localization and proteolysis of ataxin-3. NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE, 30, 190-200 [10.1016/j.nbd.2008.01.011].

Study of subcellular localization and proteolysis of ataxin-3

PASTORI, VALENTINA;FUSI, PAOLA ALESSANDRA
2008

Abstract

In this work we investigate subcellular localization and proteolytic cleavage of different forms of ataxin-3 (AT-3), the protein responsible for spinocerebellar ataxia type 3. Normal (AT-3Q6 and AT-3Q26) and pathological (AT-3Q72) ataxins-3, as well as two truncated forms lacking poly-Q, were studied. Full-length proteins were also expressed as C14A mutants, in order to assess whether AT-3 autoproteolytic activity was involved in its fragmentation. We found that both normal and pathological proteins localized in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus, as expected, but also in the mitochondria. Microsequencing showed that all ataxins-3 underwent the same proteolytic cleavage, removing the first 27 aminoacids. Interestingly, while normal ataxins were further cleaved at a number of caspase sites, pathological AT-3 was proteolyzed to a much lesser extent. This may play a role in the pathogenesis, hampering degradation of aggregation-prone expanded AT-3. In addition, autolytic cleavage was apparently not involved in AT-3 proteolysis. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASE; ATAXIN-3; PROTEOLYSIS
English
Pozzi, C., Valtorta, M., Tedeschi, G., Galbusera, E., Pastori, V., Bigi, A., et al. (2008). Study of subcellular localization and proteolysis of ataxin-3. NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE, 30, 190-200 [10.1016/j.nbd.2008.01.011].
Pozzi, C; Valtorta, M; Tedeschi, G; Galbusera, E; Pastori, V; Bigi, A; Nonnis, S; Grassi, E; Fusi, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/863
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