BACKGROUND: In haemodialysis patients, deaths due to cardiovascular causes constitute a large proportion of total mortality and sudden cardiac deaths account for approximately 22% of all deaths. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of sudden cardiac death and associated risk factors in a cohort of haemodialysis patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 3-year cumulative incidence of death in a cohort of 476 patients on chronic haemodialysis treatment was 34.3% (SE 2.3). Sudden death had a 6.9% (SE 1.2) cumulative incidence, with 32 events representing 19.2% of all deaths, while cardiovascular not sudden death and noncardiovascular death accounted for a 3-year cumulative incidence of 7.3% (SE 1.2) and 20.1% (SE 1.9), respectively. According to Cox multivariate analysis, significant risk factors for sudden death were the presence of atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, predialytic hyperkalaemia, haemodialysis mode and C-reactive protein level, which were associated with a 2.9 (CI(95%) 1.3-6.4), 3.0 (CI(95%) 1.3-7.2), 2.7 (CI(95%) 1.3-5.8), 4.5 (CI(95%) 1.3-15.5) and 3.3 (CI(95%) 1.2-8.8)-fold increase in the risk of sudden death, respectively. Sudden death was significantly more frequent during the first 24 h of the first short interdialytic interval and during the last 24 h of the long interval, i.e. immediately before and immediately after the first weekly haemodialysis session (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that the incidence of sudden death in haemodialysis patients is high and that atrial fibrillation, diabetes, hyperkalaemia, haemodialysis mode and C-reactive protein play an important role in developing fatal arrhythmia. Further studies will be necessary to define which interventions could be helpful in reducing this cause of mortality

Genovesi, S., Valsecchi, M., Rossi, E., Pogliani, D., Acquistapace, I., De Cristofaro, V., et al. (2009). Sudden death and associated factors in a historical cohort of chronic haemodialysis patients. NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION, 24(8), 2529-2536 [10.1093/ndt/gfp104].

Sudden death and associated factors in a historical cohort of chronic haemodialysis patients

GENOVESI, SIMONETTA CARLA;VALSECCHI, MARIA GRAZIA;ROSSI, EMANUELA;STELLA, ANDREA;
2009

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In haemodialysis patients, deaths due to cardiovascular causes constitute a large proportion of total mortality and sudden cardiac deaths account for approximately 22% of all deaths. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of sudden cardiac death and associated risk factors in a cohort of haemodialysis patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 3-year cumulative incidence of death in a cohort of 476 patients on chronic haemodialysis treatment was 34.3% (SE 2.3). Sudden death had a 6.9% (SE 1.2) cumulative incidence, with 32 events representing 19.2% of all deaths, while cardiovascular not sudden death and noncardiovascular death accounted for a 3-year cumulative incidence of 7.3% (SE 1.2) and 20.1% (SE 1.9), respectively. According to Cox multivariate analysis, significant risk factors for sudden death were the presence of atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, predialytic hyperkalaemia, haemodialysis mode and C-reactive protein level, which were associated with a 2.9 (CI(95%) 1.3-6.4), 3.0 (CI(95%) 1.3-7.2), 2.7 (CI(95%) 1.3-5.8), 4.5 (CI(95%) 1.3-15.5) and 3.3 (CI(95%) 1.2-8.8)-fold increase in the risk of sudden death, respectively. Sudden death was significantly more frequent during the first 24 h of the first short interdialytic interval and during the last 24 h of the long interval, i.e. immediately before and immediately after the first weekly haemodialysis session (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that the incidence of sudden death in haemodialysis patients is high and that atrial fibrillation, diabetes, hyperkalaemia, haemodialysis mode and C-reactive protein play an important role in developing fatal arrhythmia. Further studies will be necessary to define which interventions could be helpful in reducing this cause of mortality
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
atrial fibrillation, diabetes, haemodialysis, hyperkalemia, sudden death
English
2529
2536
8
Genovesi, S., Valsecchi, M., Rossi, E., Pogliani, D., Acquistapace, I., De Cristofaro, V., et al. (2009). Sudden death and associated factors in a historical cohort of chronic haemodialysis patients. NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION, 24(8), 2529-2536 [10.1093/ndt/gfp104].
Genovesi, S; Valsecchi, M; Rossi, E; Pogliani, D; Acquistapace, I; De Cristofaro, V; Stella, A; Vincenti, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/8377
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