It has been extensively demonstrated that GH secretagogues (GHS) play a role in the regulation of bone metabolism in animals and humans. Unlike GH, administration of GHS does not increase bone resorption markers, suggesting that a mechanism exclusively linked to GH release cannot account for the effect of these compounds. On this line, we investigated the effect of GHS and ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of GHS receptors, on bone cells. We found that both hexarelin and ghrelin significantly stimulated cell proliferation and increased alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin production in primary cultures of rat calvaria osteoblasts. In the same cells, we were able to detect the mRNA for the GHS receptor by RT-PCR and the corresponding protein by Western blot, indicating that ghrelin and GHS may bind and activate this receptor. Two isoforms of GHS receptors (GHS-R), which are presumably the result of alternate processing of pre-mRNA, have been identified and designed receptors 1a (R1a) and 1b (R1b). Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GHS receptors, binds with high affinity GHS-R1a only. Unlike fetal calvaria cells, osteoblasts derived from adult rat tibia did not express the GHS-R1 a, but only the biologically inactive isoform GHS-R1b. The latter isoform was present in only one of the three specimens of human osteoblasts obtained from the iliac crest or the upper femur of patients during surgery. These results would indicate that only osteoblasts from fetal bone express functional receptors responsive to ghrelin and GHS.

Cocchi, D., Maccarinelli, G., Sibilia, V., Torsello, A., Pazzaglia, U., Giustina, A., et al. (2005). GH-releasing peptides and bone. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. SUPPLEMENT, 28(8 Suppl), 11-14.

GH-releasing peptides and bone

TORSELLO, ANTONIO BIAGIO;
2005

Abstract

It has been extensively demonstrated that GH secretagogues (GHS) play a role in the regulation of bone metabolism in animals and humans. Unlike GH, administration of GHS does not increase bone resorption markers, suggesting that a mechanism exclusively linked to GH release cannot account for the effect of these compounds. On this line, we investigated the effect of GHS and ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of GHS receptors, on bone cells. We found that both hexarelin and ghrelin significantly stimulated cell proliferation and increased alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin production in primary cultures of rat calvaria osteoblasts. In the same cells, we were able to detect the mRNA for the GHS receptor by RT-PCR and the corresponding protein by Western blot, indicating that ghrelin and GHS may bind and activate this receptor. Two isoforms of GHS receptors (GHS-R), which are presumably the result of alternate processing of pre-mRNA, have been identified and designed receptors 1a (R1a) and 1b (R1b). Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GHS receptors, binds with high affinity GHS-R1a only. Unlike fetal calvaria cells, osteoblasts derived from adult rat tibia did not express the GHS-R1 a, but only the biologically inactive isoform GHS-R1b. The latter isoform was present in only one of the three specimens of human osteoblasts obtained from the iliac crest or the upper femur of patients during surgery. These results would indicate that only osteoblasts from fetal bone express functional receptors responsive to ghrelin and GHS.
Recensione in rivista
ghrelin; GHS; hexarelin; GH; bone; metabolism
English
11
14
Cocchi, D., Maccarinelli, G., Sibilia, V., Torsello, A., Pazzaglia, U., Giustina, A., et al. (2005). GH-releasing peptides and bone. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. SUPPLEMENT, 28(8 Suppl), 11-14.
Cocchi, D; Maccarinelli, G; Sibilia, V; Torsello, A; Pazzaglia, U; Giustina, A; Netti, C
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/817
Citazioni
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
Social impact