Background: People with schizophrenia are more likely than general population to suffer from metabolic abnormalities, with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) increasing the risk. Low plasma adiponectin levels may lead to metabolic dysregulations but evidence in people with schizophrenia, especially for the role of SGAs, is still inconclusive. Objective: To compare plasma adiponectin levels between people with schizophrenia and healthy controls, and to estimate the relative effect of schizophrenia and SGAs on adiponectin. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies published up to 13 June 2014 in main electronic databases. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) between index and control groups were generated. Appropriate subanalyses and additional subgroup analyses were carried out. Results: Data from 2735 individuals, 1013 with and 1722 without schizophrenia, respectively, were analysed. Schizophrenia was not associated with lower adiponectin levels (SMD of -0.28, 95%CI: -0.59, 0.04; p=. 0.09). However, individuals with schizophrenia taking SGAs had plasma levels significantly lower than controls (. p=. 0.002), which was not the case of drug free/drug naïve subjects (. p=. 0.52). As regards single antipsychotic drugs clozapine (. p<. 0.001) and olanzapine (. p=. 0.04) - but not risperidone (. p=. 0.88) - were associated with adiponectin levels lower than controls. Conclusions: People with schizophrenia per se may not have levels of adiponectin lower than controls, though treatment with SGAs is associated with this metabolic abnormality. This bears clinical significance because of hypoadiponectinemia involvement in cardiovascular diseases, even if mechanisms whereby SGAs affect adiponectin remain unexplained. Longitudinal studies evaluating long-term effects of SGAs on adiponectin are needed.

BARTOLI, F., LAX, A., CROCAMO, C., CLERICI, M., & CARRA', G. (2015). Plasma adiponectin levels in schizophrenia and role of second-generation antipsychotics: A meta-analysis. PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, 56, 179-189 [10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.012].

Plasma adiponectin levels in schizophrenia and role of second-generation antipsychotics: A meta-analysis

BARTOLI, FRANCESCO
Primo
;
LAX, ANNAMARIA
Secondo
;
CROCAMO, CRISTINA;CLERICI, MASSIMO
Penultimo
;
CARRA', GIUSEPPE
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

Background: People with schizophrenia are more likely than general population to suffer from metabolic abnormalities, with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) increasing the risk. Low plasma adiponectin levels may lead to metabolic dysregulations but evidence in people with schizophrenia, especially for the role of SGAs, is still inconclusive. Objective: To compare plasma adiponectin levels between people with schizophrenia and healthy controls, and to estimate the relative effect of schizophrenia and SGAs on adiponectin. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies published up to 13 June 2014 in main electronic databases. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) between index and control groups were generated. Appropriate subanalyses and additional subgroup analyses were carried out. Results: Data from 2735 individuals, 1013 with and 1722 without schizophrenia, respectively, were analysed. Schizophrenia was not associated with lower adiponectin levels (SMD of -0.28, 95%CI: -0.59, 0.04; p=. 0.09). However, individuals with schizophrenia taking SGAs had plasma levels significantly lower than controls (. p=. 0.002), which was not the case of drug free/drug naïve subjects (. p=. 0.52). As regards single antipsychotic drugs clozapine (. p<. 0.001) and olanzapine (. p=. 0.04) - but not risperidone (. p=. 0.88) - were associated with adiponectin levels lower than controls. Conclusions: People with schizophrenia per se may not have levels of adiponectin lower than controls, though treatment with SGAs is associated with this metabolic abnormality. This bears clinical significance because of hypoadiponectinemia involvement in cardiovascular diseases, even if mechanisms whereby SGAs affect adiponectin remain unexplained. Longitudinal studies evaluating long-term effects of SGAs on adiponectin are needed.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Adiponectin, Schizophrenia, Second-generation antipsychotics, Metabolic abnormalities, Weight gain, Cardiovascular diseases
English
BARTOLI, F., LAX, A., CROCAMO, C., CLERICI, M., & CARRA', G. (2015). Plasma adiponectin levels in schizophrenia and role of second-generation antipsychotics: A meta-analysis. PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, 56, 179-189 [10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.012].
Bartoli, F; Lax, A; Crocamo, C; Clerici, M; Carra', G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/79628
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