A multinuclear magnetic resonance investigation, supported by density functional theory calculations, has been synergically used to investigate the configurational stability, reactivity and aggregation states of a-lithiated styrene oxide in THF at 173 K. NMR studies on a-lithiated [α,β -13C2]styrene oxide (also in an enantiomerically enriched form) proved that in THF this oxiranyllithium is mainly present as a solvated monomeric species in equilibrium with a complex mixture of stereoisomeric dimeric aggregates, as well as with bridged and tetrameric aggregates. The fact that some Cα-Li bonds are partial-Iy broken in some stereoisomers reduces their symmetry and complicates the NMR spectra: two diastereoisomers each having a pair of diastereotopic carbon atoms slowly inverting at the lithium atom in absence of tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA) have been detected. A (13C7Li)-HMQC experiment to correlate 7Li and 13C resonances of the various aggregates has been performed for the first time. From natural bond analysis, the monomeric aggregate was proven to have a lower carbenoid character with respect to bridged O-coordinated dimeric aggregates. The employment of suitable experimental conditions in terms of concentration, temperature and the presence or not of TMEDA are crucial to mitigate at the best the "carbenelike" reactivity of lithiated styrene oxide toward intermolecular C-Li insertions, eliminative dimerisation reactions and ring-opening reactions. A two-step mechanism for the deprotonation of styrene oxide by sBuLi in THF has been proposed and discussed as well as competitive side reactions. © 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.

Capriati, V., Florio, S., Perna, F., Salomone, A., Abbotto, A., Amedjkouh, M., et al. (2009). On the Dichotomic Reactivity of Lithiated Styrene Oxide: A Computational and Multinuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigation. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 15(32), 7958-7979.

On the dichotomic reactivity of lithiated styrene oxide: A computational and multinuclear magnetic resonance investigation

ABBOTTO, ALESSANDRO;
2009

Abstract

A multinuclear magnetic resonance investigation, supported by density functional theory calculations, has been synergically used to investigate the configurational stability, reactivity and aggregation states of a-lithiated styrene oxide in THF at 173 K. NMR studies on a-lithiated [α,β -13C2]styrene oxide (also in an enantiomerically enriched form) proved that in THF this oxiranyllithium is mainly present as a solvated monomeric species in equilibrium with a complex mixture of stereoisomeric dimeric aggregates, as well as with bridged and tetrameric aggregates. The fact that some Cα-Li bonds are partial-Iy broken in some stereoisomers reduces their symmetry and complicates the NMR spectra: two diastereoisomers each having a pair of diastereotopic carbon atoms slowly inverting at the lithium atom in absence of tetramethylethylenediamine (TMEDA) have been detected. A (13C7Li)-HMQC experiment to correlate 7Li and 13C resonances of the various aggregates has been performed for the first time. From natural bond analysis, the monomeric aggregate was proven to have a lower carbenoid character with respect to bridged O-coordinated dimeric aggregates. The employment of suitable experimental conditions in terms of concentration, temperature and the presence or not of TMEDA are crucial to mitigate at the best the "carbenelike" reactivity of lithiated styrene oxide toward intermolecular C-Li insertions, eliminative dimerisation reactions and ring-opening reactions. A two-step mechanism for the deprotonation of styrene oxide by sBuLi in THF has been proposed and discussed as well as competitive side reactions. © 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
NMR
English
Capriati, V., Florio, S., Perna, F., Salomone, A., Abbotto, A., Amedjkouh, M., et al. (2009). On the Dichotomic Reactivity of Lithiated Styrene Oxide: A Computational and Multinuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigation. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 15(32), 7958-7979.
Capriati, V; Florio, S; Perna, F; Salomone, A; Abbotto, A; Amedjkouh, M; Nilsson Lill, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/7837
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