This study reports the structure-activity relationship of a series of 8-hydroxoquinoline derivatives (8-HQs) and focuses on the cytotoxic activity of 5-Cl-7-I-8-HQ (clioquinol, CQ) copper complex (Cu(CQ)). 8-HQs alone cause a dose-dependent loss of viability of the human tumor HeLa and PC3 cells, but the coadministration of copper increases the ligands effects, with extensive cell death occurring in both cell lines. Cytotoxic doses of Cu(CQ) promote intracellular copper accumulation and massive endoplasmic reticulum vacuolization that precede a nonapoptotic (paraptotic) cell death. The cytotoxic effect of Cu(CQ) is reproduced in normal human endothelial cells (HUVEC) at concentrations double those effective in tumor cells, pointing to a potential therapeutic window for Cu(CQ). Finally, the results show that the paraptotic cell death induced by Cu(CQ) does not require nor involve caspases, giving an indication for the current clinical assessment of clioquinol as an antineoplastic agent. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Tardito, S., Barilli, A., Bassanetti, I., Tegoni, M., Bussolati, O., Franchi Gazzola, R., et al. (2012). Copper-dependent cytotoxicity of 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives correlates with their hydrophobicity and does not require caspase activation. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 55(23), 10448-10459 [10.1021/jm301053a].

Copper-dependent cytotoxicity of 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives correlates with their hydrophobicity and does not require caspase activation

BASSANETTI, IRENE;
2012

Abstract

This study reports the structure-activity relationship of a series of 8-hydroxoquinoline derivatives (8-HQs) and focuses on the cytotoxic activity of 5-Cl-7-I-8-HQ (clioquinol, CQ) copper complex (Cu(CQ)). 8-HQs alone cause a dose-dependent loss of viability of the human tumor HeLa and PC3 cells, but the coadministration of copper increases the ligands effects, with extensive cell death occurring in both cell lines. Cytotoxic doses of Cu(CQ) promote intracellular copper accumulation and massive endoplasmic reticulum vacuolization that precede a nonapoptotic (paraptotic) cell death. The cytotoxic effect of Cu(CQ) is reproduced in normal human endothelial cells (HUVEC) at concentrations double those effective in tumor cells, pointing to a potential therapeutic window for Cu(CQ). Finally, the results show that the paraptotic cell death induced by Cu(CQ) does not require nor involve caspases, giving an indication for the current clinical assessment of clioquinol as an antineoplastic agent. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Apoptosis; Caspases; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Survival; Copper; Enzyme Activation; Humans; Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions; Ligands; Molecular Structure; Oxyquinoline; Molecular Medicine; Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science
English
2012
55
23
10448
10459
none
Tardito, S., Barilli, A., Bassanetti, I., Tegoni, M., Bussolati, O., Franchi Gazzola, R., et al. (2012). Copper-dependent cytotoxicity of 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives correlates with their hydrophobicity and does not require caspase activation. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 55(23), 10448-10459 [10.1021/jm301053a].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/78304
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