Gordonia sp. BS29 is a hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from a site chronically contaminated by diesel. The strain produces extracellular bioemulsifiers, able to produce stable emulsions, and cell-bound glycolipid biosurfactants, able to reduce surface tension. The aims of this work were to investigate the cultural factors affecting the production of the cell-bound biosurfactants by Gordonia sp. BS29 and to find the optimal composition of growth medium for the production. The cultural factors which have a significant influence on surfactant biosynthesis, identified by a two level 2(8-2) Fractional Factorial Design, were the type and concentration of the carbon source, the concentrations of phosphates and sodium chloride, and the interactions among these factors. On these factors, a flask-scale optimisation of cultural conditions was carried out. Then, a steepest ascent procedure and a Central Composite Design were applied to obtain a second order polynomial function fitting the experimental data near the optimum. In the optimised cultural condition we obtained a 5-fold increase in the biosurfactant concentration compared to the un-optimised medium (26.00), reaching a Critical Micelle Dilution value (129.43) among the highest in literature. The optimisation procedure did not change the number and type of the glycolipid biosurfactants produced by Gordonia sp. BS29. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Franzetti, A., Caredda, P., La Colla, P., Pintus, M., Tamburini, E., Papacchini, M., et al. (2009). Cultural factors affecting biosurfactant production by Gordonia sp. BS29. INTERNATIONAL BIODETERIORATION & BIODEGRADATION, 63(7), 943-947 [10.1016/j.ibiod.2009.06.001].

Cultural factors affecting biosurfactant production by Gordonia sp. BS29

FRANZETTI, ANDREA;BESTETTI, GIUSEPPINA
2009

Abstract

Gordonia sp. BS29 is a hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from a site chronically contaminated by diesel. The strain produces extracellular bioemulsifiers, able to produce stable emulsions, and cell-bound glycolipid biosurfactants, able to reduce surface tension. The aims of this work were to investigate the cultural factors affecting the production of the cell-bound biosurfactants by Gordonia sp. BS29 and to find the optimal composition of growth medium for the production. The cultural factors which have a significant influence on surfactant biosynthesis, identified by a two level 2(8-2) Fractional Factorial Design, were the type and concentration of the carbon source, the concentrations of phosphates and sodium chloride, and the interactions among these factors. On these factors, a flask-scale optimisation of cultural conditions was carried out. Then, a steepest ascent procedure and a Central Composite Design were applied to obtain a second order polynomial function fitting the experimental data near the optimum. In the optimised cultural condition we obtained a 5-fold increase in the biosurfactant concentration compared to the un-optimised medium (26.00), reaching a Critical Micelle Dilution value (129.43) among the highest in literature. The optimisation procedure did not change the number and type of the glycolipid biosurfactants produced by Gordonia sp. BS29. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
biosurfactant
English
943
947
5
Franzetti, A., Caredda, P., La Colla, P., Pintus, M., Tamburini, E., Papacchini, M., et al. (2009). Cultural factors affecting biosurfactant production by Gordonia sp. BS29. INTERNATIONAL BIODETERIORATION & BIODEGRADATION, 63(7), 943-947 [10.1016/j.ibiod.2009.06.001].
Franzetti, A; Caredda, P; La Colla, P; Pintus, M; Tamburini, E; Papacchini, M; Bestetti, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/7633
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