Compelling experimental evidences of neutrino oscillations and their implication that neutrinos are massive particles have given neutrinoless double beta decay (Formula presented.) a central role in astroparticle physics. In fact, the discovery of this elusive decay would be a major breakthrough, unveiling that neutrino and antineutrino are the same particle and that the lepton number is not conserved. It would also impact our efforts to establish the absolute neutrino mass scale and, ultimately, understand elementary particle interaction unification. All current experimental programs to search for (Formula presented.) are facing with the technical and financial challenge of increasing the experimental mass while maintaining incredibly low levels of spurious background. The new concept described in this paper could be the answer which combines all the features of an ideal experiment: energy resolution, low cost mass scalability, isotope choice flexibility and many powerful handles to make the background negligible. The proposed technology is based on the use of arrays of silicon detectors cooled to 120 K to optimize the collection of the scintillation light emitted by ultra-pure crystals. It is shown that with a 54 kg array of natural CaMoO4 scintillation detectors of this type it is possible to yield a competitive sensitivity on the half-life of the (Formula presented.)Mo as high as (Formula presented.) years in only 1 year of data taking. The same array made of 40CanatMoO4 scintillation detectors (to get rid of the continuous background coming from the two neutrino double beta decay of 48Ca) will instead be capable of achieving the remarkable sensitivity of (Formula presented.) years on the half-life of (Formula presented.) in only 1 year of measurement.

Bonvicini, V., Capelli, S., Cremonesi, O., Cucciati, G., Gironi, L., Pavan, M., et al. (2014). A flexible scintillation light apparatus for rare event searches. THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. C, PARTICLES AND FIELDS, 74(11) [10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-3151-5].

A flexible scintillation light apparatus for rare event searches

CAPELLI, SILVIA;CREMONESI, OLIVIERO;CUCCIATI, GIACOMO;GIRONI, LUCA;PAVAN, MAURA;PREVITALI, EZIO;SISTI, MONICA
2014

Abstract

Compelling experimental evidences of neutrino oscillations and their implication that neutrinos are massive particles have given neutrinoless double beta decay (Formula presented.) a central role in astroparticle physics. In fact, the discovery of this elusive decay would be a major breakthrough, unveiling that neutrino and antineutrino are the same particle and that the lepton number is not conserved. It would also impact our efforts to establish the absolute neutrino mass scale and, ultimately, understand elementary particle interaction unification. All current experimental programs to search for (Formula presented.) are facing with the technical and financial challenge of increasing the experimental mass while maintaining incredibly low levels of spurious background. The new concept described in this paper could be the answer which combines all the features of an ideal experiment: energy resolution, low cost mass scalability, isotope choice flexibility and many powerful handles to make the background negligible. The proposed technology is based on the use of arrays of silicon detectors cooled to 120 K to optimize the collection of the scintillation light emitted by ultra-pure crystals. It is shown that with a 54 kg array of natural CaMoO4 scintillation detectors of this type it is possible to yield a competitive sensitivity on the half-life of the (Formula presented.)Mo as high as (Formula presented.) years in only 1 year of data taking. The same array made of 40CanatMoO4 scintillation detectors (to get rid of the continuous background coming from the two neutrino double beta decay of 48Ca) will instead be capable of achieving the remarkable sensitivity of (Formula presented.) years on the half-life of (Formula presented.) in only 1 year of measurement.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Double beta decay; Crystal scintillators; Neutrinos; Silicon detectors
English
Bonvicini, V., Capelli, S., Cremonesi, O., Cucciati, G., Gironi, L., Pavan, M., et al. (2014). A flexible scintillation light apparatus for rare event searches. THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. C, PARTICLES AND FIELDS, 74(11) [10.1140/epjc/s10052-014-3151-5].
Bonvicini, V; Capelli, S; Cremonesi, O; Cucciati, G; Gironi, L; Pavan, M; Previtali, E; Sisti, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/73497
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