Aim. Aim of this study is to investigate short-term (3 and 5 months) psychological consequences of severe motor-vehicle accidents. Methods. The sample under investigation is composed of two groups: 8 survivors of severe motor-vehicle accidents with spinal cord injuries (SCI) hospitalized in a Spinal Cord Unit, and 6 survivors who did not require hospitalization. All subjects were assessed twice, three and five months after the accident, on a variety of measures including the CAPS and the BDI-SF. Results. Prevalence of PTSD in the total sample was, 3 months after the accident, 14% with no significant differences between the two groups; some peculiarities in the symptomathological profile emerged as much as subjects with SCI experience avoidance of trauma-related stimuli more frequently. An overall decline in frequency and severity of post-traumatic symptoms between the two assessments was observed in the total sample, though some components (Criterion C symptoms) showed no relevant variations over time. Finally, depressive symptoms, which were characterized by higher severity in the SCI group, showed a significant decline between the two assessments. Discussion. Our data, although based on a limited sample, might help in tailoring psychological interventions for prevention and treatment of PTSD in survivors of severe motor accidents.

Prunas, A., Iavarone, V., Fiorletta, A., & Madeddu, F. (2009). Le conseguenze psicologiche a breve termine degli incidenti stradali: una ricerca empirica. RIVISTA DI PSICHIATRIA, 44(6), 409-417 [10.1708/468.5541].

Le conseguenze psicologiche a breve termine degli incidenti stradali: una ricerca empirica

PRUNAS, ANTONIO;MADEDDU, FABIO
2009

Abstract

Aim. Aim of this study is to investigate short-term (3 and 5 months) psychological consequences of severe motor-vehicle accidents. Methods. The sample under investigation is composed of two groups: 8 survivors of severe motor-vehicle accidents with spinal cord injuries (SCI) hospitalized in a Spinal Cord Unit, and 6 survivors who did not require hospitalization. All subjects were assessed twice, three and five months after the accident, on a variety of measures including the CAPS and the BDI-SF. Results. Prevalence of PTSD in the total sample was, 3 months after the accident, 14% with no significant differences between the two groups; some peculiarities in the symptomathological profile emerged as much as subjects with SCI experience avoidance of trauma-related stimuli more frequently. An overall decline in frequency and severity of post-traumatic symptoms between the two assessments was observed in the total sample, though some components (Criterion C symptoms) showed no relevant variations over time. Finally, depressive symptoms, which were characterized by higher severity in the SCI group, showed a significant decline between the two assessments. Discussion. Our data, although based on a limited sample, might help in tailoring psychological interventions for prevention and treatment of PTSD in survivors of severe motor accidents.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Incidenti stradali, PTSD
Italian
409
417
9
Prunas, A., Iavarone, V., Fiorletta, A., & Madeddu, F. (2009). Le conseguenze psicologiche a breve termine degli incidenti stradali: una ricerca empirica. RIVISTA DI PSICHIATRIA, 44(6), 409-417 [10.1708/468.5541].
Prunas, A; Iavarone, V; Fiorletta, A; Madeddu, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/7250
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