Background: Alcohol consumption causes an estimated 4% of the global disease burden, prompting goverments to impose regulations to mitigate the adverse effects of alcohol. To assist public health leaders and policymakers, the authors developed a composite indicator - the Alcohol Policy Index - to gauge the strength of a country's alcohol control policies. Methods and Findings: The Index generates a score based on policies from five regulatory domains - physical availability of alcohol, drinking context, alcohol prices, alcohol advertising, and operation of motor vehicles. The Index was applied to the 30 countries that compose the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between policy score and per capita alcohol consumption. Countries attained a median score of 42.4 of a possible 100 points, ranging from 14.5 (Luxembourg) to 67.3 (Norway). The analysis revealed a strong negative correlation between score and consumption (r = -0.57; p = 0.001): a 10-point increase in the score was associated with a one-liter decrease in absolute alcohol consumption per person per year (95% confidence interval, 0.4-1.5 l). A sensitivity analysis demonstrated the robustness of the Index by showing that countries' scores and ranks remained relatively stable in response to variations in methodological assumptions. Conclusions: The strength of alcohol control policies, as estimated by the Alcohol Policy Index, varied widely among 30 countries located in Europe, Asia, North America, and Australia. The study revealed a clear inverse relationship between policy strength and alcohol consumption. The Index provides a straightforward tool for facilitating international comparisons. In addition, it can help policymakers review and strengthen existing regulations aimed at minimizing alcoholrelated harm and estimate the likely impact of policy changes. © 2007 Brand et al.

Brand, D., Saisana, M., Rynn, L., Pennoni, F., Lowenfels, A. (2007). Comparative analysis of alcohol control policies in 30 countries. PLOS MEDICINE, 4(4), 752-759 [10.1371/journal.pmed.0040151].

Comparative analysis of alcohol control policies in 30 countries

PENNONI, FULVIA;
2007

Abstract

Background: Alcohol consumption causes an estimated 4% of the global disease burden, prompting goverments to impose regulations to mitigate the adverse effects of alcohol. To assist public health leaders and policymakers, the authors developed a composite indicator - the Alcohol Policy Index - to gauge the strength of a country's alcohol control policies. Methods and Findings: The Index generates a score based on policies from five regulatory domains - physical availability of alcohol, drinking context, alcohol prices, alcohol advertising, and operation of motor vehicles. The Index was applied to the 30 countries that compose the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between policy score and per capita alcohol consumption. Countries attained a median score of 42.4 of a possible 100 points, ranging from 14.5 (Luxembourg) to 67.3 (Norway). The analysis revealed a strong negative correlation between score and consumption (r = -0.57; p = 0.001): a 10-point increase in the score was associated with a one-liter decrease in absolute alcohol consumption per person per year (95% confidence interval, 0.4-1.5 l). A sensitivity analysis demonstrated the robustness of the Index by showing that countries' scores and ranks remained relatively stable in response to variations in methodological assumptions. Conclusions: The strength of alcohol control policies, as estimated by the Alcohol Policy Index, varied widely among 30 countries located in Europe, Asia, North America, and Australia. The study revealed a clear inverse relationship between policy strength and alcohol consumption. The Index provides a straightforward tool for facilitating international comparisons. In addition, it can help policymakers review and strengthen existing regulations aimed at minimizing alcoholrelated harm and estimate the likely impact of policy changes. © 2007 Brand et al.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Alchool control policy; categorical variables; Composite indicator; sensitivity analsysis; missing values
English
24-apr-2007
4
4
752
759
none
Brand, D., Saisana, M., Rynn, L., Pennoni, F., Lowenfels, A. (2007). Comparative analysis of alcohol control policies in 30 countries. PLOS MEDICINE, 4(4), 752-759 [10.1371/journal.pmed.0040151].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/7179
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