The relevance of anisotropic interactions in colloidal systems has recently emerged in the context of the rational design of new soft materials1. Patchy colloids of different shapes, patterns and functionalities are considered the new building blocks of a bottom-up approach toward the realization of self assembled bulk materials with predefined properties. The ability to tune the interaction anisotropy will make it possible to recreate molecular structures at the nano- and micro scales (a case with tremendous technological applications), as well as to generate new unconventional phases, both ordered and disordered. Recent theoretical studies suggest that the phase diagram of patchy colloids can be significantly altered by limiting the particle coordination number (that is, valence). New concepts such as empty liquids—liquid states with vanishing density—and equilibrium gels— arrested networks of bonded particles, which do not require an underlying phase separation to form11—have been formulated. Yet no experimental evidence of these predictions has been provided. Here we report the first observation of empty liquids and equilibriumgels in a complex colloidal clay, and support the experimental findings with numerical simulations

Ruzicka, B., Zaccarelli, E., Zulian, L., Angelini, R., Sztucki, M., Moussaïd, A., et al. (2011). Observation of empty liquids and equilibrium gels in a colloidal clay. NATURE MATERIALS, 10(1), 56-60 [10.1038/nmat2921].

Observation of empty liquids and equilibrium gels in a colloidal clay

ZULIAN, LAURA;
2011

Abstract

The relevance of anisotropic interactions in colloidal systems has recently emerged in the context of the rational design of new soft materials1. Patchy colloids of different shapes, patterns and functionalities are considered the new building blocks of a bottom-up approach toward the realization of self assembled bulk materials with predefined properties. The ability to tune the interaction anisotropy will make it possible to recreate molecular structures at the nano- and micro scales (a case with tremendous technological applications), as well as to generate new unconventional phases, both ordered and disordered. Recent theoretical studies suggest that the phase diagram of patchy colloids can be significantly altered by limiting the particle coordination number (that is, valence). New concepts such as empty liquids—liquid states with vanishing density—and equilibrium gels— arrested networks of bonded particles, which do not require an underlying phase separation to form11—have been formulated. Yet no experimental evidence of these predictions has been provided. Here we report the first observation of empty liquids and equilibriumgels in a complex colloidal clay, and support the experimental findings with numerical simulations
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
colloid, gel, glass, empty liquid, phase transition, phase diagram, out equilibrium systems, aging, SAXS, DLS
English
2011
10
1
56
60
none
Ruzicka, B., Zaccarelli, E., Zulian, L., Angelini, R., Sztucki, M., Moussaïd, A., et al. (2011). Observation of empty liquids and equilibrium gels in a colloidal clay. NATURE MATERIALS, 10(1), 56-60 [10.1038/nmat2921].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/66645
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