The ability of the immune system to give rise to an effective response against pathogens while maintaining tolerance towards self-tissues has always been an object of keen interest for immunologist. Over the years, different theories have been proposed to explain if and how the immune system is able to discriminate between self and non-self, including the Infectious Non-self theory from Charles Janeway and Polly Matzinger's Danger theory. Nowadays we know Janeway's theory is largely true, however the immune system does respond to injured, stressed and necrotic cells releasing danger signals (DAMPs) with a potent inflammatory response. To avoid unwanted prolonged autoimmune reactions, though, danger-induced inflammation should be tightly regulated. In the present review we discuss how prototypic DAMPs are able to induce inflammation and the peculiarity of danger-induced inflammation, as opposed to a complete immune response to fight pathogen invasions.

Broggi, A., & Granucci, F. (2015). Microbe- and danger-induced inflammation. MOLECULAR IMMUNOLOGY, 63(2), 127-133 [10.1016/j.molimm.2014.06.037].

Microbe- and danger-induced inflammation

BROGGI, ACHILLE
Primo
;
GRANUCCI, FRANCESCA
Penultimo
2015

Abstract

The ability of the immune system to give rise to an effective response against pathogens while maintaining tolerance towards self-tissues has always been an object of keen interest for immunologist. Over the years, different theories have been proposed to explain if and how the immune system is able to discriminate between self and non-self, including the Infectious Non-self theory from Charles Janeway and Polly Matzinger's Danger theory. Nowadays we know Janeway's theory is largely true, however the immune system does respond to injured, stressed and necrotic cells releasing danger signals (DAMPs) with a potent inflammatory response. To avoid unwanted prolonged autoimmune reactions, though, danger-induced inflammation should be tightly regulated. In the present review we discuss how prototypic DAMPs are able to induce inflammation and the peculiarity of danger-induced inflammation, as opposed to a complete immune response to fight pathogen invasions.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Danger; HMGB1; Infections; Inflammasome; Inflammation; TLRs; Molecular Biology; Immunology
English
127
133
7
Broggi, A., & Granucci, F. (2015). Microbe- and danger-induced inflammation. MOLECULAR IMMUNOLOGY, 63(2), 127-133 [10.1016/j.molimm.2014.06.037].
Broggi, A; Granucci, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/65967
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