Objective: To evaluate whether successful amnioinfusion is an independent predictor of perinatal survival in a cohort of cases with extreme and persistent oligohydramnios due to preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) who reached viability and were managed with serial amnioinfusions. Study design: We included all consecutive singleton pregnancies with pPROM at <26 weeks and oligohydramnios lasting >4 days between 1/1991 and 12/2001 and who consented to undergo amnioinfusion (n = 77). Women received serial transabdominal amnioinfusions in an attempt to maintain a pocket of fluid >2 cm. The procedure was deemed successful if the median deepest pocket of fluid during the latency period was >2 cm. Excluded were miscarriages (n = 10), fetal deaths before viability (24 weeks) (n = 15), and cases that did not develop oligohydramnios (n = 17). Prenatal predictors of outcome were compared between cases who survived the perinatal period and those who did not using Wilcoxon rank-sum test, Fisher's exact test and stepwise logistic regression analysis, with a two-tailed P < 0.05 considered significant. Results: Of the 35 patients fulfilling the study criteria, 20 (57%) survived the perinatal period. Perinatal survivors had similar gestational age at pPROM (P = 0.68) and at first amnioinfusion (P = 0.53) as those who died in the perinatal period, but longer latency (P = 0.013). Consequently, median gestational age at delivery [29.2 (25.4-35.3) weeks versus 26.1 (24.0-34.0) weeks, P < 0.001] and median birth weight [1220 (650-2240) g versus 863 (520-2200) g, P = 0.001] were significantly greater among survivors than among those who died. Significant predictors of survival at univariate analysis were entered into a stepwise logistic regression analysis in the chronological order in which they normally occur. The analysis demonstrated that successful amnioinfusion (OR = 6.9, 95% CI 1.2-40.4) and administration of steroids (OR = 14.6, 95% CI 1.5-144.1) were independent and significant predictors of perinatal survival. Conclusion: In a cohort of women with pPROM at <26 weeks and severe oligohydramnios managed with serial amnioinfusions, successful procedures and prenatal administration of corticosteroids are the only independent predictors of perinatal survival. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Locatelli, A., Ghidini, A., Verderio, M., Andreani, M., Strobelt, N., Pezzullo, J., et al. (2006). Predictors of perinatal survival in a cohort of pregnancies with severe oligohydramnios due to premature rupture of membranes at < 26 weeks managed with serial amnioinfusions. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS, GYNECOLOGY, AND REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY, 128(1-2), 97-102 [10.1016/j.ejogrb.2006.02.003].

Predictors of perinatal survival in a cohort of pregnancies with severe oligohydramnios due to premature rupture of membranes at < 26 weeks managed with serial amnioinfusions

LOCATELLI, ANNA;VERGANI, PATRIZIA
2006

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate whether successful amnioinfusion is an independent predictor of perinatal survival in a cohort of cases with extreme and persistent oligohydramnios due to preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) who reached viability and were managed with serial amnioinfusions. Study design: We included all consecutive singleton pregnancies with pPROM at <26 weeks and oligohydramnios lasting >4 days between 1/1991 and 12/2001 and who consented to undergo amnioinfusion (n = 77). Women received serial transabdominal amnioinfusions in an attempt to maintain a pocket of fluid >2 cm. The procedure was deemed successful if the median deepest pocket of fluid during the latency period was >2 cm. Excluded were miscarriages (n = 10), fetal deaths before viability (24 weeks) (n = 15), and cases that did not develop oligohydramnios (n = 17). Prenatal predictors of outcome were compared between cases who survived the perinatal period and those who did not using Wilcoxon rank-sum test, Fisher's exact test and stepwise logistic regression analysis, with a two-tailed P < 0.05 considered significant. Results: Of the 35 patients fulfilling the study criteria, 20 (57%) survived the perinatal period. Perinatal survivors had similar gestational age at pPROM (P = 0.68) and at first amnioinfusion (P = 0.53) as those who died in the perinatal period, but longer latency (P = 0.013). Consequently, median gestational age at delivery [29.2 (25.4-35.3) weeks versus 26.1 (24.0-34.0) weeks, P < 0.001] and median birth weight [1220 (650-2240) g versus 863 (520-2200) g, P = 0.001] were significantly greater among survivors than among those who died. Significant predictors of survival at univariate analysis were entered into a stepwise logistic regression analysis in the chronological order in which they normally occur. The analysis demonstrated that successful amnioinfusion (OR = 6.9, 95% CI 1.2-40.4) and administration of steroids (OR = 14.6, 95% CI 1.5-144.1) were independent and significant predictors of perinatal survival. Conclusion: In a cohort of women with pPROM at <26 weeks and severe oligohydramnios managed with serial amnioinfusions, successful procedures and prenatal administration of corticosteroids are the only independent predictors of perinatal survival. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
oligohydramnios, pPROM, amnioinfusion
English
97
102
Locatelli, A., Ghidini, A., Verderio, M., Andreani, M., Strobelt, N., Pezzullo, J., et al. (2006). Predictors of perinatal survival in a cohort of pregnancies with severe oligohydramnios due to premature rupture of membranes at < 26 weeks managed with serial amnioinfusions. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS, GYNECOLOGY, AND REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY, 128(1-2), 97-102 [10.1016/j.ejogrb.2006.02.003].
Locatelli, A; Ghidini, A; Verderio, M; Andreani, M; Strobelt, N; Pezzullo, J; Vergani, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/6583
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