Sinusoidal transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 5 kHz applied for 10 min at 1 mA intensity over the hand area of the primary motor cortex (M1) results in sustained changes in cortical excitability as previously demonstrated. Here we have assessed safety aspects of this stimulation method by measuring neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels, examining electroencephalogram (EEG) traces and analyzing anatomical data by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Altogether 18 healthy volunteers participated in the study. tACS was applied at 5 kHz for a duration of 10 min over the left M1 at an intensity of 1 mA. After stimulation no significant changes were detected in NSE levels, no structural alterations were observed in the anatomical scans and no pathological changes were found in the EEG recordings. Our data imply that the application of tACS is safe at least within these parameters and with these applied protocols

Chaieb, L., Antal, A., Pisoni, A., Saiote, C., Opitz, A., Ambrus, G., et al. (2014). Safety of 5 kHz tACS. BRAIN STIMULATION, 7(1), 92-96 [10.1016/j.brs.2013.08.004].

Safety of 5 kHz tACS

PISONI, ALBERTO;
2014

Abstract

Sinusoidal transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 5 kHz applied for 10 min at 1 mA intensity over the hand area of the primary motor cortex (M1) results in sustained changes in cortical excitability as previously demonstrated. Here we have assessed safety aspects of this stimulation method by measuring neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels, examining electroencephalogram (EEG) traces and analyzing anatomical data by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Altogether 18 healthy volunteers participated in the study. tACS was applied at 5 kHz for a duration of 10 min over the left M1 at an intensity of 1 mA. After stimulation no significant changes were detected in NSE levels, no structural alterations were observed in the anatomical scans and no pathological changes were found in the EEG recordings. Our data imply that the application of tACS is safe at least within these parameters and with these applied protocols
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Alternating current stimulation; Side effects; M1; Human
English
92
96
5
Chaieb, L., Antal, A., Pisoni, A., Saiote, C., Opitz, A., Ambrus, G., et al. (2014). Safety of 5 kHz tACS. BRAIN STIMULATION, 7(1), 92-96 [10.1016/j.brs.2013.08.004].
Chaieb, L; Antal, A; Pisoni, A; Saiote, C; Opitz, A; Ambrus, G; Focke, N; Paulus, W
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/65227
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