The activation of natural killer (NK) cells is modulated by surface molecules. We analyzed NK cells in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed seronegative (HESN) individuals by means of molecular typing of HLA B, Cw, and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) molecules. In HESN individuals, compared with HIV patients, the frequency of the inhibitory KIR3DL1 allele and of the KIR3DL1+/Bw4+ inhibitory complex was reduced, whereas that of the activatory KIR3DS1+ ligand and the activatory Bw4+/3DL1-/3DS1+ complex was increased, resulting in a statistically significant diversion from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (KIR3DS1 homozygote) in HESN individuals. The reciprocal equilibrium between inhibitory and activatory NK receptors and their ligands favors NK activation in HESN individuals. © The Author 2011.

Guerini, F., Caputo, S., Gori, A., Bandera, A., Mazzotta, F., Uglietti, A., et al. (2011). Under representation of the inhibitory KIR3DL1 molecule and the KIR3DL1+/BW4+ complex in HIV exposed seronegative individuals. THE JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 203(9), 1235-1239 [10.1093/infdis/jir020].

Under representation of the inhibitory KIR3DL1 molecule and the KIR3DL1+/BW4+ complex in HIV exposed seronegative individuals

GORI, ANDREA;BANDERA, ALESSANDRA;
2011

Abstract

The activation of natural killer (NK) cells is modulated by surface molecules. We analyzed NK cells in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed seronegative (HESN) individuals by means of molecular typing of HLA B, Cw, and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) molecules. In HESN individuals, compared with HIV patients, the frequency of the inhibitory KIR3DL1 allele and of the KIR3DL1+/Bw4+ inhibitory complex was reduced, whereas that of the activatory KIR3DS1+ ligand and the activatory Bw4+/3DL1-/3DS1+ complex was increased, resulting in a statistically significant diversion from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (KIR3DS1 homozygote) in HESN individuals. The reciprocal equilibrium between inhibitory and activatory NK receptors and their ligands favors NK activation in HESN individuals. © The Author 2011.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Gene Frequency; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; HIV Infections; HLA-B Antigens; HLA-C Antigens; Humans; Killer Cells, Natural; Receptors, KIR3DL1; Infectious Diseases; Immunology and Allergy
English
Guerini, F., Caputo, S., Gori, A., Bandera, A., Mazzotta, F., Uglietti, A., et al. (2011). Under representation of the inhibitory KIR3DL1 molecule and the KIR3DL1+/BW4+ complex in HIV exposed seronegative individuals. THE JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 203(9), 1235-1239 [10.1093/infdis/jir020].
Guerini, F; Caputo, S; Gori, A; Bandera, A; Mazzotta, F; Uglietti, A; Zanzottera, M; Maserati, R; Clerici, M
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/62823
Citazioni
  • Scopus 37
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 34
Social impact