A new amphoteric copolymer, PhenISA, has been obtained by copolymerization of 4-(4′-aminobutyl)-1,10-phenanthroline (BAP) with 2-methylpiperazine and bis(acrylamido)acetic acid (BAC) (6% of phenanthroline-containing repeating units). The copolymer showed excellent solubility in water, where it self-aggregated to give clear nanoparticle suspensions (hydrodynamic diameter = 21 ± 2 nm, by dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis). The phenanthroline pendants of the polymer stably coordinated either Re(CO) 3+ or Ru(phen)22+ fragments, affording luminescent Re-PhenISA, Re-Py-PhenISA, and Ru-PhenISA polymer complexes, emitting from triplet metal-to-ligand charge transfer ( 3MLCT) excited states (with λem = 608, 571, and 614 nm, respectively, and photoluminescence quantum yields φem = 0.7%, 4.8%, and 4.1%, in aerated water solution, respectively). DLS analyses indicated that the polymer complexes maintained the nanosize of PhenISA. All the complexes were stable under physiological conditions (pH 7.4, 0.15 M NaCl) in the presence of an excess of the ubiquitous competitor cysteine. In vitro viability assays showed no toxicity of Re-Py-PhenISA and Ru-PhenISA complexes, at concentrations in the range of 0.5-50 μM (calculated on the metal-containing unit), toward HEK-293 (human embryonic kidney) cells. A preliminary investigation of internalization in HEK-293 cells, by means of fluorescence confocal microscopy, showed that Ru-PhenISA enters cells via an endocytic pathway and, subsequently, homogeneously diffuse within the cytoplasm across the vesicle membranes. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Maggioni, D., Fenili, F., D'Alfonso, L., Donghi, D., Panigati, M., Zanoni, I., et al. (2012). Luminescent rhenium and ruthenium complexes of an amphoteric poly(amidoamine) functionalized with 1,10-phenanthroline. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 51(23), 12776-12788 [10.1021/ic301616b].

Luminescent rhenium and ruthenium complexes of an amphoteric poly(amidoamine) functionalized with 1,10-phenanthroline

D'ALFONSO, LAURA;ZANONI, IVAN;MARZI, ROBERTA;
2012

Abstract

A new amphoteric copolymer, PhenISA, has been obtained by copolymerization of 4-(4′-aminobutyl)-1,10-phenanthroline (BAP) with 2-methylpiperazine and bis(acrylamido)acetic acid (BAC) (6% of phenanthroline-containing repeating units). The copolymer showed excellent solubility in water, where it self-aggregated to give clear nanoparticle suspensions (hydrodynamic diameter = 21 ± 2 nm, by dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis). The phenanthroline pendants of the polymer stably coordinated either Re(CO) 3+ or Ru(phen)22+ fragments, affording luminescent Re-PhenISA, Re-Py-PhenISA, and Ru-PhenISA polymer complexes, emitting from triplet metal-to-ligand charge transfer ( 3MLCT) excited states (with λem = 608, 571, and 614 nm, respectively, and photoluminescence quantum yields φem = 0.7%, 4.8%, and 4.1%, in aerated water solution, respectively). DLS analyses indicated that the polymer complexes maintained the nanosize of PhenISA. All the complexes were stable under physiological conditions (pH 7.4, 0.15 M NaCl) in the presence of an excess of the ubiquitous competitor cysteine. In vitro viability assays showed no toxicity of Re-Py-PhenISA and Ru-PhenISA complexes, at concentrations in the range of 0.5-50 μM (calculated on the metal-containing unit), toward HEK-293 (human embryonic kidney) cells. A preliminary investigation of internalization in HEK-293 cells, by means of fluorescence confocal microscopy, showed that Ru-PhenISA enters cells via an endocytic pathway and, subsequently, homogeneously diffuse within the cytoplasm across the vesicle membranes. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cell Survival; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; HEK293 Cells; Humans; Luminescent Agents; Microscopy, Confocal; Molecular Structure; Organometallic Compounds; Phenanthrolines; Polyamines; Rhenium; Ruthenium; Structure-Activity Relationship; Inorganic Chemistry; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
English
2012
51
23
12776
12788
none
Maggioni, D., Fenili, F., D'Alfonso, L., Donghi, D., Panigati, M., Zanoni, I., et al. (2012). Luminescent rhenium and ruthenium complexes of an amphoteric poly(amidoamine) functionalized with 1,10-phenanthroline. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 51(23), 12776-12788 [10.1021/ic301616b].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/62419
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