Background & aims: This study investigated the effects of nutritional support on postoperative complications, in relation with demographic and nutritional factors, intraoperative factors, type and routes of nutritional regimens. Methods: A series of 1410 subjects underwent major abdominal surgery for gastrointestinal cancer and received various types of nutritional support: standard intravenous fluids (SIF; n=149), total parenteral nutrition (TPN; n=368), enteral nutrition (EN; n=393), and immune-enhancing enteral nutrition (IEEN; n=500). Postoperative complications, considered as major (if lethal or requiring re-operation, or transfer to intensive care unit), or otherwise minor, were recorded. Results: Major and minor complications occurred in 101 (7.2%) and 446 (31.6%) patients, respectively. Factors correlated with postoperative complications at multivariate analysis were pancreatic surgery, (p<0.001), advanced age (p=0.002), weight loss (p=0.019), low serum albumin (p=0.019) and nutritional support (p=0.001). Nutritional support reduced morbidity versus SIF with an increasing protective effect of TPN, EN, and IEEN. This effect remained valid regardless the severity of risk factors identified at the multivariate analysis and it was more evident by considering infectious complications only. Conclusions: Pancreatic surgery, advanced age, weight loss and low serum albumin are independent risk factors for the onset of postoperative complications. Nutritional support, particularly IEEN, significantly reduced postoperative morbidity. © 2007.
Bozzetti, F., Gianotti, L., Braga, M., Di Carlo, V., & Mariani, L. (2007). Postoperative complications in gastrointestinal cancer patients: The joint role of the nutritional status and the nutritional support. CLINICAL NUTRITION, 26(6), 698-709.
|Citazione:||Bozzetti, F., Gianotti, L., Braga, M., Di Carlo, V., & Mariani, L. (2007). Postoperative complications in gastrointestinal cancer patients: The joint role of the nutritional status and the nutritional support. CLINICAL NUTRITION, 26(6), 698-709.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Postoperative complications in gastrointestinal cancer patients: The joint role of the nutritional status and the nutritional support|
|Autori:||Bozzetti, F; Gianotti, L; Braga, M; Di Carlo, V; Mariani, L|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2007.06.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|